Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

University Education Policy in the Fight against Corruption and the Economic Development in Nigeria

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

University Education Policy in the Fight against Corruption and the Economic Development in Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent the university education policy could justify the fight against corruption for sustainable development of Nigeria. This study was designed to provide baseline information for re-engineering university policy-plan in solving the problem of corruption in order to achieve system efficiency and economic development of the nation. Expected findings would be significant to students, teachers policy makers, educational administrators, theory and practice. The ex-post facto designed study had one research question and one hypothesis which guided the investigation. With the use of random sampling technique, 600 academic staffwere drawn from the academic staffpopulation in the two universities studied. Data collection was carried out using "University Policy in the Fight Against Corruption and Economic Development Questionnaire" (UPFACEDQ). Percentages, population t-test and mean rank-order were used to statistically analyze data collected for this study. Results obtained revealed that university policy in the fight against corruption for economic development was not significantly high. The on-going policy in the fight against corruption was not yielding the desired result in the university system. It was therefore recommended that staffand students be taught the moral values for the appreciation of the social advantages in the fight against corruption for economic development.

Keywords: economic development, corruption, fight, university, policy.

INTRODUCTION

Education is a service that significantly contributes within the context of a sound macro-economic and political environment. University education is administered by the society with a view to achieve rapid socio-economic growth and development enough to perpetuate their existence. Desired changes in employment, wealth and productivity proceed a society-related education that guarantees individuals welfare and national development. According to Psacharopoulos and Woodhall (1985), national development is the improvement of a nation's productive capacity. In Nigeria, this productive capacity can be addressed basically through sound university education policy plans properly aligned with the fight against corruption, apparently intended to grow and develop the economy. This explains the goal of tertiary education as ashrined in National Policy on Education (FRN 2004:36) in Nigeria which specifically intent to:

a. Contribute to national development through high level relevant manpower training

b. Develop and inculcate proper values for the survival of individual and society

c. Develop the intellectual capacity of the individuals to understand and appreciate their local and external environment

d. Acquire both physical and intellectual skills which will enable individuals to be self-reliant and useful member of the society

It is the basis of the above that university education managers could ensure increase transparency in social and economic transactions (devoid of corruption) for the common goal of the society since corruption crosses all social sectors. The fact that there is a positive relationship between education and economy confirms that the economy invest in education for significant returns on investment to accure to both individuals and the society (Psacharopoulos, 1972). Education therefore, accelerates economic development on the basis that it impacts knowledge, skills and attitude required for productive activities. Ekpo (2012) adduce that the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Nigeria grew by 7.68 percent in the fourth quarter of 2011, which is slightly higher than the7.40 percent growth in third quarter of the same year. Even in the heart of the global economic crisis in 2008, Nigerian economy registered a growth rate of 6.4 percent. Also, the economic growth is put at eight percent, the rate of inflation is 12.5 percent and the deficit/growth domestic product ratio is around the acceptable range of four to five percent. …

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