Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Effects of HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals on the Psychosocial and Economic Well-Being of People for Sustainable Development in Ibadan Metropolis

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Effects of HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals on the Psychosocial and Economic Well-Being of People for Sustainable Development in Ibadan Metropolis

Article excerpt

The study examined the effects of HIV/AIDS and the millennium development goals on the psychosocial and economic well-being of people for sustainable development in Ibadan metropolis. The study adopted descriptive survey, using a sample of 300 female and male adults from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. The two instruments used were authored-constructed questionnaires by adapting relevant scales to measure the studied variables. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical methods. Results obtained from this study showed that there were significant effects of poverty (f=49.8, df= 1/299, p<0.05); education (f=103, df= 1/299, p=<0.005); HIV/AIDS (f=78.8, df= 1/299, p<0.05) and child mortality and maternal health (f=4.9, df= 1/299, p<0.05). Based on these findings, it was recommended that education should be adequately enhanced in the attainment of the millennium development goal and sustainable development.

Key words: HIV/AIDS, Millennium Development goal, Psychosocial and economic well-being, child mortality and maternal health.

Health remains a major common currency between human development and communities and between different layers of the socio-economic strata, as well as successful and or unsuccessful nations or states. Oduola (2011) observed that health is one of the indices used for determining metrics and standards, including the Human Development Index. Nigerians are therefore expected to be willing, if they are healthy, to contribute their quota to focused developmental goals to achieve sustainable national development. However, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic could be a serious hindrance in making it possible for the people and the nation to achieve the millennium development goals for sustainable development. This is because of the devastating effects of the pandemic on the physical, social, economic, and psychological well-being of those infected. The National Action Committee for AIDS in Nigeria estimated that about 4 million Nigerians among who are women, youths and children are living with the virus and that between 2002 and 2004, and indeed beyond, the estimated figures had progressively moved up in spite of the advent of the anti-retroviral and other treatments.

In Nigeria today, the adage that liealth is wealth' has never been more fitting than now, because the rate and level of development of the countiy will largely be determined by the level of health and or the participation of its citizeniy in the countiy's development, based on the psychosocial and economic well-being of the people. However, HIV/ AIDS is a major global pandemic that could preclude the nation from achieving any meaningful development because of the devastating effects of the disease on the physical, social, economic, and psychosocial well-being of the individuals, families, and communities infested or affected by the virus. AIDS denotes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease caused by a virus known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

The Human Immune-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) enters the body and destroys the soldiers that usually protect and defend the system against infections and sickness. HIV/AIDS as it were is thus, a major global pandemic. According to the UNAIDS 2002 report, over 110 million people are living with the disease out of which 17.6 million are adult while 2.5 million are children. The disease is just acquired in life and not inherited, and once it starts, various types of diseases would follow. The disease has spread to eveiy nation since it was reported some decades ago. Nigeria has suffered the devastating effects of the virus, and by implication and extension, the pandemic could be a serious hindrance in achieving the physical, social, economic and psychosocial well-being of people by accelerating poverty, preventing good health, retarding good quality education as well as social and political progress of any countiy or other development indicators of a country. …

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