Academic journal article Journal of Sociological Research

Leadership of Sanusi Daris in the Dynamics Community of Duri Enrekang Regency

Academic journal article Journal of Sociological Research

Leadership of Sanusi Daris in the Dynamics Community of Duri Enrekang Regency

Article excerpt


This is a sociology study discussing the leadership of Sanusi Daris in various statuses he was entitled, his carrier was started as a teacher then involved in an independence maintenance movement as a commander of TNI (National Army of Indonesia). Yet, finally he chose to join with Kahar Muzakkar of DI-TII Movement (Darid Islam - Tentara Islam Indonesia) in Baraka, Enrekang Regency. For the purpose, this writing describes, (1) Profile of Sanusi Daris as an educator, fighter; (2) His position as an agent of change; (3) Perception of people against his personality and leadership. Data or information obtained through: interview, participation observation, documentation analysis, life history analysis, and folklore analysis. Methodology used is qualitative descriptive approach. The results of the study show: (1) People of Duri is a community which give special attention to recruitment process of their leaders as for they view that a leader is identical with benefit and prosperity of the people; (2) Sanusi Daris is a charismatic leader; (3) Sanusi Daris is an agents of change, the enforcement of Islam Shari'a has motivated the change in religious system which then lead to socio-cultural changes; (4) People of Duri percept Sanusi Daris as a role model, a leader of trustworthy, and responsible.

Keyword: Leadership, Educator, Fighter, Charismatic leader, Agent of socio-cultural change

1. Introduction

Leader and leadership are always interesting cases to be discussed as for it has great influence in the community or people. Many people argued that influence of a leader for a community or country is very much determinant. A leader with various background statuses and roles can enhance spirit, proud, or cautious and fear of doing anything. Leader also viewed as the main factor to bring success, or improvement, or failure, and backwardness of a community or a country. Throughout the history of the human race, so many countries found to reach rapid progress or experience painful setback, even deterioration, due to the role of their leader.

Leadership is a character, a long-term process. The process has two stages initiated with the self-leadership ability. Without self-leadership ability, it is impossible to come to the second stage, lead others. "The power of a leader is determined by his ability to serve the people, not ability to tie the will of the people" (Rivai, 2004). Please note that every word spoken, every step taken, will give different influence to people around us. It means that the behavior exhibit will lead someone to be a true leader or fake leader. Besides, a leader should hold principles. A leader no matter typical and style used in his leadership, all are dependent on the principles believed. On the other hand, environment could bring somebody become a follower only, realized or not. Somebody without principles to hold is easily provoked, as for we will always walk in the meadow of booby traps, booby traps effect your mind (Agustian, 2002).

This is a writing about a local figure who had an important role in a remote land, an inland of South Sulawesi which famous as Tanah Duri, Enrekang Regency, that is Sanusi Daris, one of a leader in the teaching of DI-TII, who took Kahar Muzakkar's position as the Highest Commander of DI-TII after his death (Sialla, 2005). He is considered rebel by the country, but loved and respected by people of Tanah Duri, a place where he was born, grown, and entitled various statuses and roles. At start, he was a teacher, then involved himself in a movement of fight to maintain independence. Whenever physical revolution will come to success, he chose to leave his position as a company commander of Wolter Monginsidi Battalion under the command of Andi Sose. The battalion was inaugurated as a member of Indonesian National Army ( TNI) in 1952 and positioned in Makale Tanah Toraja. Did not take a part in the inauguration, then Sanusi Daris joined Kahar Mazakkar and together proclaimed the establishment of DI-TII in Baraka district Enrekang Regency in 1953. …

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