Academic journal article Journal of Sociological Research

Where Are We in the Question of Identity: Jordanian Youth as a Model

Academic journal article Journal of Sociological Research

Where Are We in the Question of Identity: Jordanian Youth as a Model

Article excerpt

Abstract:

This study aimed at investigating the concept of national identity and its constituents as perceived by Jordanian youth. Its main question is about the identity we have nowadays. The study sought to understand and analyze the concept of identity and its subjective and objective constituents through the identification of the perceptions of Jordanian youth of the identity by realizing its constituents, following the approach of social field studies and through some simple statistical analyses based on a sample which consisted of (250) young university people. They were asked about national identity and its most prominent constituents through the method of international sample. After analyzing the results, the study concluded the following:

First: Jordanian youth consider identity as the perception of membership to both Jordan and the tribe and devotion to the political regime as being the protector of this identity and its connection with their living place and way of upbringing.

Second: The most prominent constituent of identity is the regional dimension with (62%), followed by the national dimension (21%), and finally the religions dimension (17%).

Third: The study concluded the result that there is confusion among Jordanian youth in regard to the constituents of identity, its local and national concept and the degree of perception.

The study recommended the necessity for the preparation of joint programs between the public sector and the institutions of civil society in order to create common distributors within the Jordanian collective sensation for one identity that reinforces membership to both society and identity simultaneously.

Keywords: Islam, Jordan, Jordanian Youth, Arabism, National Identity.

Introduction:

Higal thinks that recognizing our self-awareness leads us directly to the realm of reality, and we cannot talk about identity without the existence of difference of opinion (Banani, 2009: 112). Antony Gidniz says: "the social conditions in which we are born and brought up until we become adults certainly leave their clear effects on our behavior. However, this does not mean that human beings are creatures with without peculiar characteristics or free will. Some people may think that we are merely the product of ready- made molds with premeditated qualities prepared for us by society. Some sociologists tend to talk about social upbringing in this sense, but this attitude is defective in more than one aspect. It is true that our interaction with other people, from cradle to grave, as it is said, forms important aspects of our personalities, the matrix of values we believe in and our patterns of behavior, but the track of social upbringing really stems from our uniqueness and feelings of freedom. Through this process, each one of us develops his perception of identity and independence in thought and action" (Gidniz, 2005: 90).

"The Arab-Islamic Culture which is open to human civilization is the essence of local and national identity of Jordanian people and one of the bases of its unity, independence and progress in the face of division, subordination, cultural invasion, with all its forms and the source of basic values which the Jordanian society tries to firmly establish by science, knowledge, sound education and good example". This was stated in the fifth article of the National Jordanian Charter formed by political, educational and popular committees in 1991. But what is the reality of this clear and magnificent text in the practiced fact of the personality of the Jordanian citizen, taking into account that society has been subjected to successive waves of changes which have affected the essence of its structures and its social and cultural systems.

The question of identity again appears around the individual, group and society. What are the cultural characteristics, behavioral modes, thinking ways and the hose of formed structures of values through history which have distinguished the members of Jordanian society from those of other peoples, taking into account that Jordan with its present borders in history has not formed a political and administrative entity separated from surrounding countries before the first world war with the establishment of the Emirate of East Jordan, when the tribe has formed the essence of Jordanian identity for decades (Khalid Fayyadh: 2020, digital Ahram). …

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