Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

The Lack of Critical Thinking in the Romanian Educational System: A Simple Communication Problem?

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

The Lack of Critical Thinking in the Romanian Educational System: A Simple Communication Problem?

Article excerpt

Education, the educational process, should not be a simple and repetitive process but must include analysis and capacity tools of interrelationships that allow the reinterpretation, reviewing the past, to adopt various new combinations, both for formative purposes, to form new skills, new approaches to the same issues seen from new perspectives, new skills and abilities, and in order to inform, to reach new inferences, assumptions and reformulations, beginning from the existing basis.

Besides the information that accumulates over time, throughout history, and becomes the basis for valuable documentation that we relate to at times when we formulate value judgments on specific topics of debate, there appears constant new information that follows its path towards accumulation. It is to this information that the systems of thought and analysis must be applied without restrictions to stimulate critical thinking.

It is required the use of a thinking technique well targeted on the subject and at the same time without borders. The questions Why? and What if? are the best guides in the formation of an effective critical thinking. The detachment from the existing concrete limits and diving into potential assumptions opens the door to multiple solutions, many of which will be correct and effective. We need to redefine the relationship student-university teacher, the relationship student- informational society and to trigger the psychological search mechanism of information for the student to gain the courage to think. Assaulted by the infinite of the world of information, the student, on the one hand, is overwhelmed by information, and on the other hand, feels inferior and stupid, so it seems useless to him to seek answers and to formulate value judgments in a world where everything already exists. He no longer feels the need to develop and it seems enough to him to take over the thought and creativity products of others.

More and more it is felt the restrictive tendency of students to seek documentation resources on the Internet for a minimum of information without resorting to personal reading without considering the information through the personal filter to reach their own conclusions, and to form an apparent general knowledge from the Internet and media, thus becoming thus unable to see the importance of reading in shaping their personality who and the development of vocabulary. Thus technology becomes an end in itself and not a means of evolving to new stages of knowledge through the facilities it offers. This trend must be reversed by triggering the psychological mechanism of information search, of data analysis and corroboration for the student to realize that although the reiterability apparently exists, it is not perfect and it does not take place 100% leaving room to the news element at any time of development of human civilization. Thus the student will gain courage to think.

During various interviews and television programs in which students were asked to say: What they liked and did not like about the Romanian higher education system, as well as in informal discussions, most often the students said they do not like: a) that the Romanian higher education still relies on memorizing and retelling and sometimes even on memorizing and retelling some obsolete information, and not value judgments, and b) that they do not feel that they can speak freely during the classes since most teachers talk and do not listen, they are not close enough to students and their manner of communication creates psychological barriers between teacher and students.

Beyond the influence of too much freedom misunderstood in Romania and of the superficiality encouraged by deprofessionalized institutions, which could cause a diverted thinking of young people, the affirmations should however give food for thought to the teachers in the present day Romanian education.

Teachers, through their teaching and life experience, the maturity and the defining purpose to contribute to the improvement of the educational process can adjust the learning process so that students make the most of the time spent in universities and build their learning skills to help them further their personal development after graduation. …

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