Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Relationship between the Attitudes of Islamic Education Lecturers towards the Application and Knowledge of Multimedia in Teaching

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Relationship between the Attitudes of Islamic Education Lecturers towards the Application and Knowledge of Multimedia in Teaching

Article excerpt


The advancement of technology has provided innovation in teaching and learning particularly at the Higher Learning Institutions. This article aims to identify the relationship between Islamic Education lecturers' attitudes towards the application and knowledge of multimedia in teaching. This study is in the form of a survey conducted to obtain quantitative data. The data collected can explain the level of multimedia usage, the level of multimedia knowledge, and lecturers' attitudes in the application of multimedia via a questionnaire which uses the stratified random sampling method. The sample consists of 250 out of 1709 Islamic Education lecturers at the Higher Learning Institutions in West Sumatra who serve in the universities, institutes and high schools. The results showed that the level of application of multimedia among lecturers was still at a moderate level while the level of multimedia knowledge was high and lecturers' attitudes showed a high mean score. For these reasons, training and courses related to multimedia teaching must be increased and taken into account by the responsible parties.

Keywords: Islamic education, instructional multimedia, attitude, knowledge, multimedia, multimedia application

1. Introduction

The use of technology in education can make the learning process more efficient, effective, fun and ultimately provide a positive value in the learning process (Rosbottom & Maniar, 2004). In addition, students get to integrate the use of their senses (Mayer & Moreno, 2003). Zhang & Xu (2009) suggest that universities provide facilities for easy access to multimedia. The ICT (Information and Communication Technology) facilities should be built as the processes of teaching and learning could not function well if these facilities are not available.

Studies show multimedia can make teaching and learning more exciting, interactive, and effective including in Islamic education studies (Wan Noor & Kamaruzaman, 2009; Jundan, 2008). The use of multimedia in teaching is more effective than using the traditional method of teaching (Abang & Mohd. Taib, 2007). Multimedia which includes hypertext, audio, video, animation, simulation and interactivity makes the process of cognitive learning feasible. Its presence stimulates of the students' minds in understanding lessons as students can visualize lesson concepts which are difficult to understand through verbal lectures. The various benefits of multimedia usage have led researchers to observe Islamic Education lecturers' attitudes towards the use and knowledge of multimedia in teaching.

2. Literature Review

Studies on the application of multimedia in education have been conducted in Malaysia as well as Indonesia. Studies were conducted by Ismail (2000), Said (2001), Khadijah & Zaib (2002), Siti Aishah et al. (2002), Abdul Manan (2005), Mohd. Jasmy et al. (2005), Abd. Wahab et al. (2006), Mohd. Izham & Noraini (2007), Jundan (2008), Fui & Boon (2009), and Wan Noor & Kamaruzaman (2009). The findings of previous studies found that the advantages of multimedia aided teaching are still in line with the skills of lecturers using multimedia. Similar opinion was voiced by Herman & Abd Gafur (2010) who stated that there are still constraints in the utilization of ICT in institutions of which one of these includes human capital resources, especially senior academic staffs which are not yet competent in multimedia operations. Herman & Abd. Gafur (2010) also proposed that all academic staffs in institutions can improve their competencies in the field of ICT (Information and Communication Technology). With the availability of ICT competency, the staffs in academic institutions can advance the teaching and learning as well as the education in an institution.

West Sumatra is one of Indonesia's Islamic states where religious education is practised. The West Sumatra is also famous for its slogan which state "tradition [adat] founded upon Islamic law, Islamic law founded upon the Qur'an". …

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