Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Labor Migration to the Middle-East and Maladjustment with Social Environment: A Study in a Rural Village in Bangladesh

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Labor Migration to the Middle-East and Maladjustment with Social Environment: A Study in a Rural Village in Bangladesh

Article excerpt


This paper explores all kinds of problems faced by labor migrants under the three major aspects of life i.e social, economic and psychological factors. During the time of post migration, the emigrants face various kinds of socio-economic problems that increase maladjustment with their social environment especially in collecting livelihoods, interactions with other people and also in their attitudes as well as perceptual organizations. In addition, it was observed that there were also changing patterns, having occurred in life style of other family members of migrants. The main investigations were based on whole sphere of life of migrants and their family members in respect of income, expenditure, ability to save money, investment, job attitudes, as well as intra and inter family relationships etc. Stratified sampling procedure had been followed in this study. Structured questionnaire was designed and case study was pursued also to collect necessary information and evidence. Likert Scale has been used to measure attitudes of head of the households of respective families of Sultanpur Village. The findings indicate that though international labor migration changes economic conditions of rural people of Bangladesh by its remittance but this positive change is being occurred for short term only and other aspects of life namely social, psychological that are essential parts of life are being hampered rigorously in the long term.

Keywords: labor migration, maladjustment, intra-family relationship, attitude, dependency, remittance

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1. Introduction

1.1 Research Background

International labor migration is being regarded as a common phenomenon for the most of developing countries. By the end of the 20th century all developed and developing nations' economy is mostly dependent on migration, as 175 million people are living in a country outside their birth place (Mckenjie, 2005) those are keeping contribution to make soundness of receiving countrys' economy.For that reason, highly industrialized countries had become places of immigration and the growthness of their economy is mostly related to this phenomena. Yet this is matter of regret that a large portion of migrants in most receiving countries is still now unregistered and doing works in adverse and agonized situations because of keeping hidden their identity, those are approximately twelve million in number. In this case, it has been noted that if the twelve million undocumented immigrants go home, whole industry of these countries would collapse. Some of the country's largest corporations would go bankrupt and even the world's oil industry would lose their production (David, 2005). From the very beginning of labor migration, it represents an essential component of globalization with degree of necessity for keeping role both in economy and politics of the world. In such a way, international migration has been characterized by transfer of population along with massive flows of capital, brain drain from Asia, Africa, and Latin America to Europe likewise America, and Asia-pacific (Chandra, 2001). At present, it is certain that a country without migration is hardly found in the developing world because people from developing countries are highly inclined to migrate in developed nations for collection of livelihoods and to avail better job opportunities. Though this sector is seen providing means of livelihoods for poor people in rural area of Bangladesh as a country of origin but migrants are facing difficulties at a large extent for long run such as excess of cost, high rate of dependency and inequality absurdity of behavioral pattern and mental process are being seriously attached with such global phenomenon which are considered as drawbacks of international migration (Deshinqkar, 2004). The tendency of international migration is growing rapidly among the young generation of rural area of Bangladesh. …

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