Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences

Behavioural Factors as Correlates of the Use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in the Nigerian Army: The Case Study of Nigerian Army Signals Corps

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences

Behavioural Factors as Correlates of the Use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in the Nigerian Army: The Case Study of Nigerian Army Signals Corps

Article excerpt

Abstract

Organizations have become increasingly dependent on technologically based information to support and drive operational, tactical and strategic business activities, thereby making information technology intrinsic in today's business enterprise. This study therefore evaluates the relationship between culture, educational attainment, social status and the use of Information Technology among personnel of the Nigerian Army. The significance of this study lies in the fact that apart from helping the rapid technological transformation of the army, the military personnel could still use such skill and contribute to the development of the wider society after disengaging from military service. Using the statistical instrument of chi-square, the study revealed a positive correlation between the use of ICT and the behavioural factors of education and social status. It is therefore recommended that the Nigerian Army will get the best out of its personnel by exploiting those behavioural factors in promoting the use of information technology. Therefore the army and the society will benefit immensely if army personal are provided with the opportunities to improve their education. The army should therefore encourage regular updating of knowledge by creating enabling environment for educational advancement through in- service training, seminars and workshops.

Keywords: ICT, educational attainment, culture, social status, Nigerian army signals

INTRODUCTION

The use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in businesses and homes has moved to such an unimaginable level that more people are becoming familiar with its capabilities. Dippel (2000) confirmed the near indispensability of Information Communication Technology when he posited that the growth of the Internet has provided an almost limitless repository of knowledge and resources that are available to everybody with a computer and connection to the electronic world. Software has become both smarter and more complex, enabling users to perform tasks which previously they would not have been capable of doing. It is also common knowledge that the world's population including those of developing nations, who are believed to be technologically disadvantaged, is becoming more IT literate and friendly than ever before.

The matter of ICT use is made a lot easier as the technology is becoming cheaper and more readily available. Gone are the days when the purchase of sophisticated personal computers and other electronic gadgets were the exclusive preserve of the very rich and multi-national corporations and large business organizations. It is important to point out here that the mere possession and use of the computer is not synonymous with the ability to use ICT.

However, despite the huge advantages associated with the use of information communication technology, Dutton et al. (2004a, 2004b) highlight organizational and technological constraints on the diffusion of electronic courseware systems from the perspective of the social shaping of technology. Studies by Fulk, 1993; Fulk, Schmitz and Steinfield, 1990; Kling, 2000; and Williams and Edge, 1996 emphasize that the evolutionary path of the systems is not predetermined by the systems' technological inner logic or economic imperative, but is rather affected by social, organizational, economic, and cultural factors that surround the systems. The current security challenge in Nigeria has made the processing and management of information by the Nigerian Army more compelling. This study therefore evaluates the impact of identified behavioural factors of education, social status and culture in the use of Information Communication Technology in the Nigerian Army. The study has singled out the Nigerian Army Signal Corps for study because it is the Department of the Nigerian Army saddled with the provision of communication for the entire army. Modern warfare is becoming more sophisticated and information needs to be transmitted fast and accurately, if operational objectives are to be achieved. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.