Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences

The Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Their Effects on the Adaptation Levels of Family Caregivers of PlLWHA in Thika District, Kenya

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences

The Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Their Effects on the Adaptation Levels of Family Caregivers of PlLWHA in Thika District, Kenya

Article excerpt

Abstract

This paper sought to investigate the socio-demographic characteristics or ramily caregivers (FCGs) or PLWHA in Thika District. A total or 177 primary FCGs or PLHWA, drawn through proportionate stratiried random sampling rrom three divisions in the study area were used. Data was collected using interview schedules and Focus Group Discussion (FGDs). The collected data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitative data was analyzed with the use or Statistical Package ror Social Sciences (SPSS) where descriptive statistics and inrerential statistics were computed in order to understand the patterns and nature or relationships. Qualitative data was analyzed by use or content analysis, where labels were assigned to various categories and themes or the data. In addition, the data was presented, where possible, using verbatim quotation. The FCGs: were mostly round in rural areas (46.7%); the majority was remale (70.1%); the majority were round to be between 20 and 59 years or age, with the highest age group being made up or 30 to 39-year olds (25.4%); the majority (52.5%) were married; 62.1% had had no schooling and/or primary education; a majority (over 38.1%) had no jobs; 59.3% or the ramilies were male-headed; incomes rangeg rrom KShs. 200 to 35,000 with 61.6% spending Kshs. 100-200 daily. The study recommended that: The Kenyan government to put in place strategies that will ensure equitable distribution or resources to all FCGs and speciric interventions by government and non-governmental agencies rocusing on FCGs or PLWHA should pay attention to gender considerations with customized approaches or strategies ror both males and remales.

Keywords: care recipient, coping, ramily caregiver, PLWHA..

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

The 2007 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey showed that more than 1.4 million Kenyans are living with HIV/AIDS. This represents 7.4 percent or Kenyan adults aged 15-64 years (NASCOP/MoH, 2008). Death rates rrom HIV in Kenya, are at about 80,000 per year. As observed,even with the scale up or treatment death rates in Kenya are likely to continue to rise because or the large number or people who were inrected in the 1990s (NASCOP/MoH, 2005). Over two decades since the rirst AIDS case was diagnosed, in Kenya, HIV/AIDS remains a huge challenge ror the country in its errorts ror social and economic development. Responses to the pandemic have evolved over time as people became aware or this new disease, as they experienced illness and death among ramily members, and as services have developed to conrront this epidemic (MoH, 2005).

According to the National Aids Control Council (2000), Thika District has been a region or high HIV prevalence with rates or 20-29 percent ror the 15-49 year olds. It is estimated that 55,335 had been inrected in the District (MoH, 2001). However, the district has had a steady decline in HIV prevalence rrom 39 percent in 1994 to 31 percent, 11 percent and 8 percent in 1998, 2001 and 2004 respectively (NASCOP/MoH, 2005). Based on the same report, it seems to have been stabilizing since 2003. In 2006, Thika district had the highest number or HIV inrected people and AIDS deaths amongst the seven districts in Central province. It had 17,541 HIV inrected persons and 1,968 AIDS deaths (NACC/NASCOP, 2007).

Nonetheless, though there has been a HIV prevalence decline, the number or those already inrected is high due to the previously high prevalence rates. At one point in their lives these persons inrected with HIV will need care and/or assistance and this will most probably be given by their relatives in the homes.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

HIV/AIDS care support programmes usually tend to concentrate on the care or PLWHA and not on the caregivers-especially the ramily members. As Limanonda (2004) observes not much attention has been paid to the needs or ramily members who act as caregivers, most or whom are women. …

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