Academic journal article International Education Studies

Factors Influencing Students' Achievement in Form 5 Islamic Studies Subject

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Factors Influencing Students' Achievement in Form 5 Islamic Studies Subject

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study is aimed at analyzing the factors influencing the achievements of students in the subject of Islamic Studies for Form 5 SPM (KBSM) in schools in the area of Samarahan, Sarawak. The factors analysed is attitude and interest. This is a survey based study and data was compiled from the survey forms which had the topic "Factors influencing Students' Achievement", which consisted 26 items and 1 set of questions with 40 items to measure the achievements of students, which comprised of 200 Form 5 students from five (5) schools in the district of Samarahan. Five students involved as interviews' respondents in this study. Interview technique was also utilised to analyse and clarify the issues under study. Data analysis were performed using software Statistical Packages For Social Science (SPSS) involving frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The research found that interested did not have significant relationship with the achievement of the students while the attitude factor has a significant relationship with the students' achievement in the subject of Islamic study.

Keywords: influences, achievement, Islamic studies

1. Introduction

Islamic Studies as a subject is made mandatory on Muslim students and was incorporated into the official school schedule from the year 1962. It was enforced pursuant to the provisions of the Education Act 1961 which was based on the reports of a study conducted by the Education Committee 1960 stated:"Rules should be made to teach Islam to assisted schools with not less than 15 Muslim students".

2. Background of the Study

The comments made by Datuk Abdul Rafie Mahat, the former Director-General of Education, was studied in relation to the result of the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) 2002 which showed deterioration by six percent compared to the previous year, which made it the second consecutive year since 2001 when a 4.9 percent decline from the year before. What was even sadder was when Datuk Abdul Rafie Mahat, disclosed that the decline was due to the extremely poor mastery of fardhu ain matters. The same factors were quoted by him when he commented on the decline of the same subject the previous year.

Many studies had been conducted in relation to the factors affecting the performance of students in various subjects. Based on studies conducted by Fitt (1957) in Auckland, New Zealand, it was found that the relationship between the students' attitude towards the subject, has a positive effect on the performance of that subject. This was found after he employed a question and answer technique amongst the 1244 students in the city. Mat Darus Ol h man (1992) in his studies also found that attitude was tied to the performance in the subject of Economy. According to Abdul Halim Mohammad and Wan Mohamad Wan Sulong (2006), in their "Study Between a Student's Interest and Attitude Towards Arabic Language: A Case Study on the Bachelor of Arabic Students at the Public Institutes of Higher Learning in Malaysia" (Kajian Antara Minat Dan Sikap Pelajar Terhadap Bahasa Arab: Satu Kajian Kes Ke Atas Pelajar Sarjana Muda Bahasa Arab Di IPTA Malaysia) had found that attitude and interest of students were important to determine their success.

In this study, the researchers had combined two models, specifically Kemp and Smellie (1997) and Gersten (1998) and chosen two factors to link with the achievement of the students in Islamic Studies, which are interest and attitude of the students, to support the conceptual framework of this study. This is because to the researcher, interest and attitude influences the motivation for a student to study. Based on the foregoing, the conceptual framework was as per Figure 1.

3. Objectives of the Study

Specifically, the study's objectives were:

a. Identify the level of achievement of the students, in the subject of Form 5 Islamic Studies;

b. Identify the level of interest of the students in the said subject;

c. …

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