Academic journal article International Education Studies

Entrepreneurship Training Programme in Universities and Graduates' Productivity in South-South Nigeria

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Entrepreneurship Training Programme in Universities and Graduates' Productivity in South-South Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract

Entrepreneurial training programme has to do with acquiring relevant skills in which an individual has to be sensitized, motivated and guided to achieve self-reliance and self employment. The paper examined the relevance of entrepreneurial training programme in the universities to graduates' productivity. Three null hypotheses were formulated. A sample size of 1200 graduates was randomly selected from the South-South Geo-Political Zone in Nigeria. The instrument used for the study was Entrepreneurial Training Programme in the Universities and Graduates Productivity Questionnaire (ETPUGPQ). The instrument was validated with the help of three experts in vocational education. The corrected version was subjected to the test of reliability using Cronbach Alpha, and the reliability co-efficient stood at 0.85 justifying the use of the instrument. The data obtained were analyzed using Multiple Linear Regression at 0.05 alpha levels. It was found that entrepreneurial training programme in the universities is significantly relevant to graduates' productivity. Therefore, it was concluded and recommended that the government and National University Commission (NUC) should make it compulsory for faculties offering professional courses to encourage students participation in practical works. Also it was recommended that Entrepreneurship Education curriculum should be developed to cater for the vast changing needs of the labour market.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial training programme, Entrepreneurship Education curriculum

1. Introduction

Education is the bedrock for national development in Nigeria in terms of economy, science and technology, social and cultural development. It is an instrument for human capital development. Accordingly, universities and other skill development institutions are designed to train individuals, equip them with skills, knowledge, attitudes and values that will enable them to contribute to national development. Nigeria has a lot of natural and human resources and has invested significantly to set up universities with many facilities. There are many states, federal and private universities in the country. However, one of the challenges that youths in the country contend with is unemployment. The graduates from the universities are said to be unproductive. This has led to a situation where those who are lucky to be employed are trained and retrained by their employers. Oladapo and Ike (2010) supported this fact by stating that in Nigeria when locally trained engineers, for example, are employed, they are usually made to undergo training within the company and sometimes outside the country before they are assigned any significant roles to perform.

Adequate entrepreneurship training is believed to be the only solution to equipping the students with skills that can make them productive. Kauffman Foundation (2009) defined entrepreneurship training as the process of providing individuals with knowledge and skills to recognize opportunities that others have over-looked to have insight, self esteem and knowledge to act where others have hesitated. It includes institution of opportunity recognition marshalling resources in the face of risk and initiating a business venture. According to Madumere-Obike and Abraham (2008), entrepreneurship training enhances creativity in technical and vocational skills and inculcates in the individuals the abilities that are necessary for them to be self-reliant through formal education. One of the objectives of entrepreneurship training is to provide students with skills and motivations in order to enhance entrepreneurial endeavour in any enterprise of their choice. Etuk and Ekpo (2008) affirmed that:

Entrepreneurship brings together the factors of production, human, land, labour, capital to make products for public development and consumption. It incorporates the willingness and ability of a person to explore and exploit investment opportunities, establish and manage successful business enterprise. …

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