Academic journal article International Education Studies

Kacang Cerdik: A Conceptual Design of an Idea Management System

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Kacang Cerdik: A Conceptual Design of an Idea Management System

Article excerpt

Abstract

An idea management system is where ideas are stored and then can be evaluated and analyzed. It provides the structure and the platform for users to contribute ideas for innovation and creativity. Designing and developing an idea management system is a complex task because it involves many users and lot of ideas. Some of the critical features for an idea management system are supports for the ideas generation process, stimulate users to actively participate, facilitates reuse of ideas and encourages open collaboration among the users. This paper discusses a conceptual architecture design of an idea management system called Kacang Cerdik based on three novel concepts; actor, object and workflow. In the system, an idea is an object or an entity that can be manipulated by the users. An idea as an object can be used to generate other ideas. It can also derive its features from other ideas. In this system, an idea is linked with other ideas in the system. The idea will flows from one state to another state in a single workflow. A single workflow is a process or a pipeline that consists of many states. At each of the states, an idea (an object) can manipulated by a user (an actor) based on his current role. The single workflow consists of five different states which are editing, collaborating, reviewing, publishing and evaluating. In the system, a user is an actor who has multiple roles such as a submitter, a reviewer or an evaluator. Based on this concept, a user can submit a new idea or can review an existing idea or can vote on an idea. The system also uses the concept of crowd wisdom to evaluate the ideas. Finally, the potentially viable ideas at the end of the workflow or the pipeline can be further evaluated in a new product development cycle. This conceptual design encourages open collaborations among the users, reuse of previous ideas and use of crowd wisdom in ideas evaluation. A working prototype called Kacang Cerdik has been developed using these concepts as a proof-of-concept.

Keywords: idea management system, design, object, actor, workflow

1. Introduction

An idea is an important component in the process of creativity and innovation in the field of entrepreneurship (Baron & Shane, 2006; Hisrich et al., 2010). Ideas are a core part of an innovation process (Glassman, 2009). Based upon these contributed ideas, an entrepreneur can do an innovation of the existing product, process or service to create a new product, a new process or a new service that has market value. Innovations are products or services that have market values, offer new solutions to existing problems or show a new radical design from existing dominant design (Dorf et al, 2009). An idea can also be a catalyst in triggering many new ideas (van Bundy, 2007).

There are two major activities in the innovation process; the idea generation activity and the idea management activity. In the idea generation activity, various methods and techniques such as TRIZ (Altshuller, 1999), brainstorming and mind-map can be used to generate as many ideas as possible. This activity may involve open innovation approach where anyone can contribute any idea on any subject. Normally ideas from open-innovation are submitted into an idea bank. This activity may also use event-based innovation where anyone can only contribute specific ideas to specific events or problems. The ideas generated using this approach is more focused and specific. In the idea management activity, the main focus is how to manage, archive, filter and, evaluate the ideas generated from the idea generation activity. The ideas that have market potential will be further developed in the new product development activity.

Managing ideas in the idea management activity is a difficult task because there are many steps to consider. First, there are many ideas from diverse sources such as customers, clients, employees, managements, students and, users. Each of the ideas is a potential new product or service has a market value if further developed. …

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