Academic journal article Researchers World

Availability of Household Facilities among Beggars' Households: A Regional Analysis

Academic journal article Researchers World

Availability of Household Facilities among Beggars' Households: A Regional Analysis

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

The present paper aims to analyse the spatial variations in the availability of housing and household amenities and facilities among the beggars' households in Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh. The study is based on primary source of data collected through field survey in the Aligarh district carried out during 2009. Spatial analysis of the present research work reveals that the high level of household facilities is witnessed in the longitudinal central and eastern parts of the district, while, western parts recorded the low level of household facilities among beggars. Moreover, the central part of the district witnesses low level development in the district, while, the high level of development is found in the peripheral parts of the district.

Keywords: : Household, Amenities, Facilities, Beggars, Aligarh, Region.

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

Beggars in India are the victim of an imbalanced socio-economic system. They are the most vulnerable people in our society. They are the example of human degradation to the lowest extent, and they are a menace to the healthy society. Most of them are the product of economic deprivation, destitution and neglect (Cama 1945). The Census of India (2001) defined beggars as vagrants, prostitutes and person having unidentified source of income and those with unspecified period called beggars, while, The Encyclopedia of Social Work in India (1968) defined the beggars as charity seeker people who could easily be noticed by the way they live and earn money essential for survival; and most of who are homeless and live in the open or in the impoverished huts. The housing is one of the three basic needs of human beings (Smith 1973), but it is still beyond the access of the disadvantaged section of the society. A house is a place of residence, usually, a place in which, an individual or a family can live and store personal property. According to North Carolina General Statute, "dwelling or housing means any building, structure, manufactured home or mobile home, or part thereof, used and occupied for human habitation or intended to be so used, and includes any outhouses and appurtenances belonging there to or usually enjoyed therewith, except that it does not include any manufactured home or mobile home, which is used solely for a seasonal vacation purpose". In simple terms, houses are the human structures which are used to live in, work in or store things in (Bryan 1933). According to Census of India "household is usually a group of persons who normally live together and take their meals from a common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevent any of them from doing so. The persons in a household may be related or unrelated or a mix of both. However, if a group of unrelated persons live in a Census house but do not take their meals from the common kitchen, then they will not collectively constitute a household. Each such person should be treated as a separate household". In the words of Thakur Nabakumar Singh (1998) "It is obvious that better the construction of the houses, better is their general conditions." It is because this importance pucca house is taken into consideration for the present study to show the socio-economic status. Housing status which is one of the important aspects of development refers to the ownership of house. Any household may be owned, rented or other type of house. Better levels of owned houses indicate better levels of development in the particular region. The term 'basic amenities', refers to drinking water supply, sanitation, electricity and so on (Shaw 2007). It is conventionally believed that housing conditions, availability of drinking water, sanitation facilities, etc. might contribute to the health improvement of the people and determine the quality of life of the society (Nayar 1997).Besides housing, availability of modern household amenities and assets also has paramount significance in the human life. …

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