Academic journal article Researchers World

Technology Integration in Teacher Education: An Infusion or a Delusion?

Academic journal article Researchers World

Technology Integration in Teacher Education: An Infusion or a Delusion?

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

The present study attempts to find out the state of technology integration in those teacher education institutions and schools of Patna in the State of Bihar, India that have the state of the art technology status. Sample of 150 pre-service and 64 in-service teachers was drawn for this purpose by purposive cum incidental sampling technique. The researcher studied the availability and accessibility of technology in the selected schools and teacher education institutions; the relationship between technology proficiency of pre-service and in-service teachers and their attitude towards integrating technology in education; and the relationship between frequency of faculty usage of technology in classroom instruction and attitude of pre-service teachers towards technology integration. Research outcomes showed that teacher education institutions are making efforts to use technology in teaching-learning while schools still follow the traditional method. However, the situation is far from attaining technology integration in educational practices. There is significant relationship between proficiency of in-service teachers and their attitude towards technology integration and between frequency of faculty usage of technology in classroom instruction and the attitude of pre-service teachers towards technology integration.

Keywords: Technology integration, technology proficiency, frequency of technology usage, attitude towards technology integration.

INTRODUCTION

Technology integration refers to possessing technology-skills and effectively using them for teaching such that there is a complete merger between technology and pedagogy. The ultimate aim of technology integration in education is to use the technology in a seamless manner in academics so that it leads to the diversification and achievement of curriculum objectives and engages students in meaningful construction of their knowledge bases. The meaningful cognitive processing of environmental stimulations enhances application based learning. When effectively integrated into a high-quality learning environment, researchers have demonstrated that technology can help deepen students' content knowledge, engage them in constructing their own knowledge, and support the development of complex thinking skills (Kozma, 2005; Webb & Cox, 2004; Kulik, 2003). Emphasizing the importance of cognitive or constructive learning, Clark & Surgure (1988) said that cognitive learning can be viewed as "the degree to which previously learned knowledge and skills can be transferred to new contexts and problems" (p. 20). Constructivist method of teaching enhances student learning (Matzen & Edmunds, 2007). It is particularly important in teacher education because of the close association between teacher education and school education and that between school education and social living. One of the major changes that the schools have undergone over the past decade has been the evolution of technology use; however most of the schools have not shown quick progress (Thorburn, 2004). Furthermore, teacher technology training has focused on administrative applications, rather than instructional applications (Zhao & Bryant, 2006). Just using technology in education is not sufficient to bring about positive change in the teaching-learning process. In cases where technology-based instruction has been successful, it is due to use of technology to deliver well-designed and well-managed instruction (Hasselbring & Glaser, 2000). Thus, the teacher's role in a classroom is significant to fabricate technology-based instruction and promote learner-centred learning making adjustment for individual learning styles for optimum application-based learning. With so much of emphasis being laid on practical and need-based education, it becomes imperative to change the conventional pedagogical practices and equip the school goers to retrieve, filter and process the most recent and relevant information under the guidance of their able teachers. …

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