Academic journal article Middle Grades Research Journal

Foreword

Academic journal article Middle Grades Research Journal

Foreword

Article excerpt

What constitutes valid measures of accountability of schools and teacher effectiveness? Certainly, in the wake of No Child Left Behind, accountability has been a buzzword that has permeated discussions in both the professional and public arenas surrounding education. As this issue of Middle Grades Research Journal goes to press, the United States is in the throes of one of the most controversial and most contested presidential elections of the past century. Regardless of the outcome, the term "accountability" will continue to be paramount in any consideration of school effectiveness.

Ultimately, accountability rests on the shoulders of the teachers in the classroom. With the full implementation of Common Core Standards in all but five states in the nation, new measures of educational effectiveness will be in place by 2014. The use of student data to assess teacher effectiveness has also become an acceptable way of determining the effectiveness of teacher education programs. Louisiana and Tennessee have been employing such measures for several years and report improvement in student scores after teacher education institutions have adjusted their programs in response to value-added data gathered from the students in the classrooms managed by their graduates. New York has not only adopted a value-added perspective in its newly developed Annual Professional Performance Review of teachers, that state will publish those scores publicly. …

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