Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Index in Alexandre Dumas' Novel the Man in the Iron Mask: A Semiotic Analysis

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Index in Alexandre Dumas' Novel the Man in the Iron Mask: A Semiotic Analysis

Article excerpt

Abstract

Novel as a literary work can be analyzed by using semiotic analysis. This article aims to analyze the meaning of index found in characterizations in the novel the Man in the Iron Mask by Alexandre Dumas. This article involved the descriptive qualitative method. The results revealed that there are many causal relations between the index and the characterization of the characters found in that novel. It contained 24 characterizations from eight major and five minor characters that had been representative of this article. From this article, it is obtained more information about the identified characterizations found in the novel and its index analysis that showed its causalities relation between the sign and the object (index and characterization) in a more comprehensive meaning. Since semiotics is the study of signs and novel is a literary work, it is recommended to English literature lecturers and students to enrich knowledge of analyzing literary works through semiotic analysis.

Keywords: semiotic, novel, the man in the iron mask, index, sign, characterization

1. Introduction

1.1 Semiotic as a Study in Literary Work

Novel is a part of literary work which tells a story about life, such as a social problem in a certain society where the author lives. In analyzing a literary work like novel, it is suggested to start it through the intrinsic or extrinsic aspects of the novel. Characterization is one of the elements of intrinsic aspects of novel. This characterization comes from the psychological development of the character which appears in the series event or its plot. Novel is also usually called as world of words. Words in novel include as structure of signs which have the meaning. Thus, it is believed that signs are connected to semiotic.

Semiotic as the study of signs classifies signs into icon, index and symbol. This classification based on Peirce's theory of semiotic. Index can be found and analyzed in characterization of the novel. In the comprehensive meaning shows that, index is the sign which explains the causalities relation between object and its signs. The signs show that index can be found in the characterization of the novel. The signs which give index that the characters depend on the characterizations can be searched in the novel whether it is major or minor characters. Therefore in a literary research using semiotic approach, it is found that index is the sign which is the most interested and the most wanted to be researched.

This article attempted to show the analysis of indexes of the characterizations found in the novel the Man in the Iron Mask by Alexandre Dumas. The indexes of characterizations were taken from the major and minor characters in the novel as the object of semiotic study. It is expected to be useful and helpful information for everyone who interests and wants to know more about the index analysis of characterizations found in the novel. The analysis was restricted to the intrinsic aspect of the novel particularly to characterization and its indexes analysis as a sign in semiotic.

1.2 The Role of Semiotics in Novel

The study of semiotic especially by using literary work as object had been done by Masters as cited in Norgaard (2009) that as part of its meaning-making, novel contains facsimile reproductions of a number of entries from Stuart's private diary in the novel Stuart. A Life Backwards. This is a fairly simple example of indexical meaning where the look of the writing invokes the material origin of its own coming into being.

Novel as a literary work had been explained by experts of literature. The word novel was befallen from Roman or Latin Novellus which came from the word novies that meant "new". It was new because if it was compared with another literary works such as drama and poetry, novel appeared in coming days. Liddel as cited in Tarigan (1984), the first born England's novel was Pamela in 1740. There are two kinds of characters in intrinsic aspects of literary work particularly to novel; the first is major character who always appears in the novel until the novel comes to its resolution. …

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