Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Inclusive Development: The Mode of Equalization of Basic Public Cultural Service in Chinese Urban and Rural Areas

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Inclusive Development: The Mode of Equalization of Basic Public Cultural Service in Chinese Urban and Rural Areas

Article excerpt


This paper selects the perspective of urban and rural culture as a starting point to make the research of basic public service equalization. It builds a theoretical framework to analyze inclusive development as the mode of equality of basic public cultural service in Chinese urban and rural areas. Public cultural service refers to the use of public power and resources to protect the cultural rights of citizens, meet the citizens basic needs of public culture service. As to perfecting public cultural services, it's Chinese important subject for cultural mechanism reform and essential aim for cultural construction. Currently there are many questions in constructing public culture service system, for examples, the poor consciousness, imperfect system, insufficient funds investment, old cultural infrastructure and the lagged market. Therefore, we should share the light of local conditions to build a new system of public cultural services in gradually. Inclusive development as the design and effective implementation of public policies and actions that bring about socio-economic and human development, in a way that promotes the capacities and equal opportunities and rights of all people in sustainable harmony with the environment, regardless of his social condition, gender, age, physical or mental condition, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, etc.. Inclusive development is benefit to soften social contradictions and handle human livelihood, and for building a harmonious society. Through the expansion of poverty-stricken areas of infrastructure and investment in cultural resource development, people can own their equal opportunities to raise their own culture training and quality.

Key words: Inclusive development; Equality; Public cultural service; Chinese urban and rural areas; Government


During the past ten years, China's delivery of cultural services has accomplished a great leap-forward. A cultural service system has been set up, covering both cities and the countryside. Meanwhile, more cultural products and services have been delivered directly to the homes of Chinese people. Constructing public cultural service system is the necessary measure to secure citizens cultural right. The government should adopt the multi-dimensional ways to provide public cultural services on the foundation which plans the city and countryside, promotes basic: unit government culture administration pattern's modem reformation and is the fundamental path realizes public cultural service mechanism innovation, The equalization of basic public cultural services is very necessary for improving the quality of life of all of our citizens. We believe that public cultural services offer unique opportunities to deal with social exclusion. So, the government should encourage non-profit cultural groups to play a key role while mobilizing cultural resources from the market to assist in building a "shared, competitive and diversified" public cultural service system. The development of such services has not only benefited the common people but also narrowed the gap between rural and urban areas. Especially, the equalization of basic public cultural services will be realized gradually through inclusive development.


1.1 The Equalization of Basic Public Cultural Service

Public services may have previously been considered as services paid for by the taxpayer and delivered by government employees to members of the public. However, as services are increasingly contracted out and provided by private and third sector employees, it is clear that this definition no longer applies. Public services must be defined in terms of their intrinsic nature, rather than how they are delivered.

Cultural services-including arts, sports, libraries, museums, heritage, parks, tourism and much more besides-have an increasingly pivotal role to play in the development of our local communities, and these services make significant contributions to the delivery of the Council's priorities. …

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