Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effect of Multitasking to Faculty Members' Academic Works

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effect of Multitasking to Faculty Members' Academic Works

Article excerpt

Abstract

Faculty members in higher education institutions which technology produced in and used actively try to overcome simultaneous one more works because of their intensive works and responsibilities. This study associated simultaneously doing one more academic works to multitasking. Multitasking may have a detrimental effect on academic works since it is not possible to handle one more works at one time. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of multitasking on academic works. Four different multitasks are using the Internet, talking with phone, watching TV or listening music, which are not a part of an academic work while doing this academic work. This study used correlational research method. 1033 faculty members from 70 different universities located in various geographical regions of Turkey participated to the study. The data collection tool was a survey which includes question related to demographics, frequency of multitasking and frequency of academic delay. The data were analyzed with frequencies, two way contingency table analysis using crosstabs applying Pearson 2 and logistic regression. Finally, the study indicated that using the Internet, talking on the phone and watching TV while doing an academic work had a detrimental effect on academic works. However, listening music while doing a work did not result in academic delay. Title and age of faculty members were related with academic delay. These results were discussed in the framework of Mayer's theory of multimedia learning.

Key Words

Multitasking, Faculty Members, Higher Education, Academic Delay, Internet, TV, Phone.

Higher education institutions are the organizations that should use the technological developments. But while achieving this aim understructure is not the only parameter that should be upgraded (Akteke-Öztürk, Ari, Kubus, Gürbüz, & Çagiltay, 2008). Academic, scientific, instructional and administrative factors have vital importance for technological improvement of organizations (Gumport & Chun, 1998; Sporn, 1999). One of the main factors that affect the success of higher education institutes is the productivity of the faculty members. There is a positive correlation between the technology usage and productivity of faculty members in their instructional, scientific and service duties (Baldwin, 1998; Georgina & Olson, 2008; Xu & Meyer, 2007). Also, faculty members' concerns and adoption levels affect the use of information and communication technologies (Alev & Yigit, 2009).

It is commonly observed that faculty members try to handle multiple works simultaneously under the serious time pressure. As well, it has been routine for them to take their works to home or to their vacations. In the field of technology integration, the researchers focused on faculty members' use of technology and participation to workshops related with adaptation of technology in the classes (Georgina & Olson, 2008; Rogers, 2000). The observation is that if or not faculty members delayed academic works at the same time they use technology, independent from their works, is not studied in detail.

Multitasking is known as "the performance of multiple tasks at one time" (Multitasking, 2012) while Lee and Taatgen (2002) defined multitasking as the ability to handle the demands of multiple tasks simultaneously (p. 2). In our case, it can be explained as management of more than one academic work at the same time. During the multitasking, to be experienced on a skill, a person can be more successful at multitasking skills. Generally, multitasking can be achieved simultaneously. However, delays in the implementation of the tasks may be due to non-performance of certain tasks simultaneously (Bowman, Levine, Waite, & Gendron, 2010; Junco & Cotten, 2011; Salvucci & Taatgen, 2008). Furthermore, multiple tasks are not related with each other (Wild, Johnson, & Johnson, 2004; Benbunan-Fich, Adler, & Mavlanova, 2011). …

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