Academic journal article Psychology, Community & Health

Oral Presentations

Academic journal article Psychology, Community & Health

Oral Presentations

Article excerpt

A Cross-Cultural Study of the Positive and Negative Aspects of Being LGB

Jenna Marie Strizzi a

Inmaculada Fernandez Agis a

Raquel Alarcón Rodríguez a

Tesifon Parrón Carreño a

[a]University of Almería, SPAIN

The final aim is cross-cultural study on the positive and negative aspects of being gay, lesbian and bisexual in the United States and Spain. The authors seek to repudiate the tendency to study non-heterosexual sexual orientations from a marked pathological viewpoint and create a method which more adequately represents the everyday experiences of this population. 10 scales were selected, all which had been validated in English by other authors. All those not previously validated in Spanish were translated and validated through this study. Positive aspects are operationally defined as social support, self-esteem, social activism and justice, and sexual satisfaction. While negative aspects are defined as: violence, social stigma, homo/bi negativity, and depression (which was measured through subjective happiness). The validation of the New Sexual Satisfaction Scale in Spanish marks the first scale in this language to measure sexual satisfaction in the LGB population. While negative aspects, such as violent incidents, were suffered by nearly 15% of participants in both countries, almost 80% reported having been discriminated for their sexual orientation in the past year. Positive aspects including social support, self-esteem, and subjective happiness were quite high suggesting minority resilience.

A Cross-National Study Into the Processes of Gay Identification Through the Online Gay Scene

Karyofyllis (Lakis) Zervoulis a

Evanthia Lyons b

[a]BPP University College, UNITED KINGDOM

[b]Kingston University, UNITED KINGDOM

There is growing literature and empirical work that is investigating if and how the Internet, as a new and revolutionary medium and space, is changing people's lives. There is particular interest on the potential of the Internet in (re)defining marginalised or stigmatised people's identities and/or actions. A survey study was conducted to investigate how men who have sex with men (MSM) use the Internet and particularly gay-themed websites (GTWs), and what are the effects that such use might have on aspects of their lives, from sexual behaviour to gay identification. The research took place in the capital cities of Greece and the United Kingdom, Athens and London respectively, two places with different levels of openness and acceptance of gay people. In particular, this survey, which was completed through the Internet by 151 MSM living in Athens and 225 MSM living in London, examined different patterns of use of the online gay scene, its evaluation and its contribution to explaining the participants' Internet-initiated sexual behaviour, and gay identification. Findings showed that the online, compared to the offline, gay scene appears to be more addictive and a space with less healthy intra-group behaviour that does not facilitate as much a sense of community. Then, there was some evidence that communicational use of GTWs, which is mainly linked to satisfying sexual needs, contributed to explaining gay collective identification in the case of MSM living in Athens. Also, more positive perceptions and experiences of the online scene, especially in terms of social capital, were found to relate to gay identification. The results are discussed in the light of the implications they may have for the way the Internet is seen to be changing stigmatised people's individual and collective identities, and in particular those of gay people and their communities.

Department of Psychology, University of Surrey.

A Genealogical Approach of Brazil's Public Policies on Education Regarding LGTB Issues

Henrique Caetano Nardi a

[a]Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, BRAZIL

hcnardi@gmail. …

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