Academic journal article Journal of Social Sciences

Access to and Dropout of Girls from School: A Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of Marriage Arrangements on Girl-Child Education in Bolni

Academic journal article Journal of Social Sciences

Access to and Dropout of Girls from School: A Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of Marriage Arrangements on Girl-Child Education in Bolni

Article excerpt


The education of the girl-child has suffered many setbacks both in the past and at the present. As a result some girls are denied access while others are forced to drop out-of-school especially in rural Ghana. This study therefore examined the effects of marriage arrangements on girl-child education in Bolni, a rural community in the Nanumba North District of the Northern Region, Ghana. The study adopted a quantitative method of research design and employed questionnaire in collecting data. Eighty respondents were sampled for the study. The study used simple regression analysis to determine the relationship between marriage arrangements and girl-child education while t-test was used to validate the hypotheses. Exchange, Betrothal and preferred marriage arrangements all had relationships with girl-child education and the effects of such relationships were inimical to their ability to access school or remain in school. Hence the increase in the number of girls involved in a marriage arrangement led to a corresponding increase in the number of girls who were either denied access to or dropped out from school. It is recommended that, school social workers, community workers and gender activists should educate parents to do away with such marriages and invest in their girls' education.

Keywords: Access, Dropout, Girl-Child, Exchange, Betrothal, Preferred Marriage

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)


Education is a potent tool for the development of people and nations in the world (UNICEF, 2012; PI, 2012). As a result of this popular acknowledgement, several interventions have been put in place at the global and national levels to ensure children's access to education is improved. Despite these efforts the story of children's access to education is sad in some regions of the world. This is because; some children are still deprived of their right to access education and hence are out-of-school in the midst of all the efforts (UNICEF, 2012).

UNESCO (2012) and UNESCO (2010) assert that, about 61 million children of primary school going age were out-of-school in 2010 and that, this figure (61 million) had remained stable from 2008 to 2010. This means that, the global world between the period of 2008 and 2010 might not have benefited much from the efforts aimed at increasing children's access to education. However, there might be regional or country variations to the number of children who were out-of-school and some countries may even have higher or lower averages than the global average.

UNESCO (2012) again notes that, the global world had chalked some achievements with regards to educational access especially between the period of 1990 and 2008. Within that period, out-of-school children had declined from 105 million to 61 million. This progress according to UNESCO (2012) could be associated with many factors among which, the World Education Forum held in Dakar in 2000 and other similar interventions got world leaders committed to achieving 'Education For AH' by 2015. These bold steps by world leaders led to individual countries designing specific interventions to improve educational access in their respective countries and this actually paid off by improving children's access to education (UNESCO, 2012).

Within the period of 2008 to 2010, the out-of-school age primary school children remained stable at 61 million (UNESCO, 2012). However, it is not clear as to what has accounted for the stagnant figure of out-of-school age primary school children at 61 million for consecutive three years without any improvement. One wonders why this stagnation? Has the commitments made by world leaders in Dakar, 2000 and other efforts lost their values? And hence governments have begun to withdraw their commitments? For that number of children to be out-of-school is so worrying especially in the case that, education is a right and all are supposed to be in school.

Recent statistics still show that even though, there has been some improvements, there is still a greater number of children who are denied access to school. …

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