Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Science and Technology Teachers' Views towards Computer-Assisted Instruction in Primary Schools (Sample of Gaziantep and Kilis District in Turkey)

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Science and Technology Teachers' Views towards Computer-Assisted Instruction in Primary Schools (Sample of Gaziantep and Kilis District in Turkey)

Article excerpt

Abstract

This quantitative study was conducted in order to find out whether there were any significant differences between the opinion of the science and technology teachers working in elementary schools towards computer assisted science and technology instruction application. The most important aspect hinders Computer Assisted Instruction success is knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of the teachers are not enough. In this research, teachers' opinions and thoughts that concern the teaching of Science and Technology instruction with Computer-aided instruction are determined and It is expected that measures will be taken about the solution of the problems that encountered. The study was performed in randomly selected elementary education schools from the central districts of Gaziantep and Kilis cities in 2011-2012 education years. The sampling of the study was composed of 135 science and technology teachers working in elementary schools in central districts of Gaziantep and Kilis cities. One scale of two parts was employed to collect data. The number of the teachers was 93 working in Gaziantep and 42 working in Kilis. The data were analyzed through SPSS programme. In order to find out whether there was a significant difference between the participants' opinions and gender and seniority , the frequency (f) and percentage (%) values were calculated, and t-test, One Way Variance Analysis (ANOVA) and LSD multiple comparison were conducted. The findings show that there was no significant difference between the participants' opinions and the gender but a significant difference was found between their opinions and seniority.

Keywords: computer assisted instruction, computer assisted science, technology learning

INTRODUCTION

With the advance of technology, computers have been an indispensable part of our life. We tend to use computers in our business or private life, which enables the use of computers to be commonly used in educational and instructional fields and influences our educational system. The overwhelming development of science and technology in our era has led todrastic changes in our educational system as in other fields. New technologies emerging in the second part of 20th century have the potential to change social and economic conditions across the globe. Computers, one of these new technologies, have been an indispensable part of our life. Computers, critically beneficial for institutions, have also been used in educational settings as well in recent years, and the importance of computers in schools is on the increase. Computer labs have been established in primary schools, and computer education has been given to students to help them familiarize themselves with computers (Akçay, 2002).

According to Feyzio?lu (2002), computer -assisted instruction offers various opportunities ranging from simple applications to virtual educational settings. Thanks to the development in computer technology, texts, music, paintings, animated pictures can be easily processed through computers.

Besides using computers in education, a lot of software programs have also started to be employed in educational settings. Since lecture as a teaching method is often preferred in schools, and interaction is the least used in classes and prevents individual efforts and very few educational goals are achieved, this method, therefore, should be lessened in science instruction. Instead, learning and interaction based methods should be used (O?uzkan, 1993).

According to Karamustafao?lu, Ayd?n and Ömer (2005), in computer-assisted instruction applications, simulations related to abstract concepts enable students to actively participate in learning process interactively by making use of computer-assisted software programs through animations and help them to construct concepts they have difficulty in comprehending more easily in their mind.

The statement of the research problem is " What are the science and technology teachers' opinions about computer-aided education with their own field in primary schools? …

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