Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Entrepreneurial Skills Required by Instructors for Training Students in Horse Husbandry for Job Creation and Wealth Generation

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Entrepreneurial Skills Required by Instructors for Training Students in Horse Husbandry for Job Creation and Wealth Generation

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify entrepreneurial skills required by instructors for training students for in horse husbandry for job creation and wealth generation. Four specific objectives guided the study. The beneficiaries of this study are the instructors in Schools of Agriculture, students of animal production in Schools of Agriculture, horse rearers and horse marketers. Four research questions and hypothesis guided the study. The study made us of descriptive survey research design. It was carried out in South-east, Nigeria. The population for the study was 208 respondents consisting of 93 lecturers of animal science in universities, 37 instructors of animal production in schools of agriculture and 78 horse marketers. The entire population constituted the sample for the study. The instrument used for data collection was a 75- skill structured questionnaire which was face validated by three experts. Cronbach alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaire items. A reliability coefficient of 0.87 was obtained. Two hundred and eight copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents but two hundred and two copies were retrieved. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of probability and at 199 degree of freedom. It was found that all the 75 entrepreneurial skills identified in horse husbandry were required by instructors for training of students in Schools of Agriculture. From the hypothesis tested, it was found that there is no significant difference in the mean response of lecturers, instructors and marketers in all the 75 entrepreneurial skill items except 2. It was there for recommended that the seventy-five (75) identified entrepreneurial skills required by instructors for training of students for competence in horse husbandry be package and used to improve the curriculum of animal production in schools in south-eastern Nigeria for job creation and wealth generation by the students on graduation.

Keywords: horse husbandry, entrepreneurial skills, job creation, wealth generation.

INTRODUCTION

Horse, Equus ferus caballus, is a non-ruminant animal with a lot of bacteria in the stomach that enables it to digest cellulose. Grubb (2005) stated that horse is an odd-toed ungulate mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000BC and their domestication has been wide spread by 3000BC, although some populations still live in the wild as feral horses. Wright (1999) observed that horse breeds are loosely divided into three categories based on general temperament. These breeds are cold bloods, hot bloods and warm bloods which is a cross of the first two. Out of these three categories, the author emphasized that more than 300 cross breeds have been developed for different purposes in Europe. Pavord and Pavord (2000) stated that horses are used for a wide variety of sport competition and non-competitive recreational pursuits, working activities like police work, agriculture, entertainment and therapy. The author added that horses were historically used in warfare, from which a wide variety of riding and drawing techniques were developed using different styles of equipment and methods of control. Davidson and Harris (2007) posited that many products are derived from horse such as meat, milk, hide, bone and pharmaceuticals extracts from the urine of pregnant mares (female horses). Kramer (2013) enumerated 15 possible job opportunities in horse husbandry to include horse rearing, equine veterinary technician, riding instructor, mounted police officer, brood mare manager, bar manager horse breeder, race horse trainer among others. According to the author, the salary scale of these opportunities ranges from $20,000 to $58,000 in Europe depending on the level of skills and expertise involved. …

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