This study aims to determine the level of motivation and relationship of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and self-learning concerning students' achievement in the English language, in relevance with their determination and the use of English to derive knowledge and as a medium of communication. A total of 120 secondary high school students in Pekanbaru Riau, Indonesia were randomly chosen as sample to evaluate and determine the influence of internal and external factors, as well as self-learning in mastering the English Language. A set of questionnaire was used in this study to assess the level of students' motivation and self-learning and its relationship with their achievement. A test was used to measure the level of English proficiency. Pearson correlation and descriptive analysis were used to analyze the findings by using SPSS version 19.0. The findings showed a medium high level of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and self-learning, whereas students' achievement was simply at the medium low level. The findings show that there is a less significant relationship between extrinsic motivation and the English Language achievement among students, however there is no significant relationship between intrinsic motivation and self-learning with the achievement. The study also stressed on the importance of providing a supportive learning environment to inspire and encourage students' interest to form a culture of learning English Language rather than independent learning and intrinsic motivation.
Keywords: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, self-learning, English proficiency
In the advent of globalization and ever changing society, the English language is positioned as a worldwide spoken and universal language and its importance is emphasized not only in education, but also is extensively used publicly. English language is a requirement for employment and essential to understand various sources of knowledge. School is a learning institution and a learning medium, thus, it is the best field to enhance the learning spirit among students.
English Language has become a very important global language in all fields, especially in understanding new technology and indeed a competitive edge in the job market. To meet the needs and demands, students need the right approach and should have the best learning strategies to understand and master the English language. Teachers play a very important role in providing a superb learning climate and they are also the main influence to inspire students to learn the language through their inner awareness.
Therefore, this study evaluates and examines how the internal elements of the students and the learning environment encourage students to acquire and learn the English Language through the guidance and lessons provided by their teachers. In addition, the process of self-learning is also capable to produce good results and deemed as an effective way to improve terrific learning outcomes. In this case, the academic achievement of the English Language is used to measure students understanding and their mastery level. The challenges for teachers were studied in the hindrance to create and establish a practical routine culture among their students.
2. Background Study
2.1 Students' Motivation
Motivation is the driving factor in catalyzing the will and desire to succeed or to achieve certain goals. Motivation can be considered as a drive to avoid failure (Donald, 2001). In this regard, motivation is considered as an extension of the psychological process that drives a person to act. In principle, motivation is the force to meet biological needs and demands. Motivation is also related to the interest and stimulation. According to Ross (1999), "motivation is the reason why people behave the way they do. Motivated behaviour is energized, directed, and sustained".
According to Azizi Latif Yahya and Jaafar Sidek (2005), motivation has a significant effect on the areas of growth, development, learning and achievement. …