Academic journal article Indian Social Science Journal

Parenting among the Slum Dwellers

Academic journal article Indian Social Science Journal

Parenting among the Slum Dwellers

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

Parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the physical emotional social and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Social class, wealth, and income have the strongest impact on what methods of child rearing are used by parents our society expects mothers and fathers to play an equal role with respect to child care and parenting in family life. Parenting requires a major commitment that goes beyond the types of care that can be shared with others such as teachers, childcare providers, relatives and other family members. This commitment includes the time that is spent directly with children and the time and energy that is invested in planning, problem-solving, discussing concerns, and soliciting advice. Mothers are involved in child care where with reference to both the parent involvement in child care is low. In decision making both the parent are equally involved. Family member 's contribution to child care is also low. As concluding remarks the study suggests that parents need to be trained in parenting to improve the quality of child care which is the need of the hour.

Key Words: Parenting, Child care. Child rearing. Parental resvonsibiliF. Parenting stile

INTRODUCTION

Parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the aspects of raising a child aside from the biological relationship. (Davies et.al 2000). In the case of humans, it is usually done by the biological parents of the child in question, (Bernstein, et.al, 2008) although governments and society take a role as well. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent blood relations. Others may be adopted, raised by foster care, or be placed in an orphanage.

PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

Parental responsibility (PR) is (http://static.adricenow.org.uk) all the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to a child and his property. This means that those with parental responsibility have the power to make important decisions that affect their child's upbringing, unless there is a court order in place specifying otherwise, are entitled to information about their child, unless there is a court order in place preventing such disclosure.

PARENTAL CARE

Parental care is the very basic of nurturing a child. It is that undivided individual care and attention that you give your child all throughout his/her lifetime. It is that unconditional care of a parent from the time a child is born and till it is grown up. Parental care is the soul of a family unit. Without it, children are left on their own, without anyone to care of them or look after their needs at every stage of their life. It is so important that it evolves and helps nurture the best in every child, thus making him/her an admirable member of the society. Parental care cannot be measured. It has to be there in any family unit to help children being loved and caring themselves. It is so fundamental that any parent should allow himself/herself be that nurturing parent that a child needs. It is part of a parent's job description from the time he/she has a child- to be that steward of the child's life and reassure the child that guidance, love and proper care will be given.

Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness. It also promotes intellectual curiosity, motivation, and encourages a desire to achieve. Good parenting also helps protect children from developing anxiety, depression, eating disorders, antisocial behavior, and alcohol and drug abuse (http://www.medicinenet.eom/parenting/article.htm#intro).

INNATE ABILITIES

When children are born, they already possess many skills necessary to survive in the world. These skills may be classified into three categories - mental, social, and physical. …

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