Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Tadhkirat Al-Umara'

Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Tadhkirat Al-Umara'

Article excerpt

Vol. Ill

(HINDU NOBLES)

Chapter I

English Translation from Persian

Translated, Annotated and Edited by

DR. ANSAR ZAHID KHAN

Harf-i Läm - /

Rä'i Lon Karan

A Sakhäwat (Shaykhävvat) zammdär of Sämbhar:

In the early period of Akbar's reign he was honoured by a dohazäri mansab [f.57] and the title of rä'i. In the 7th year he made efforts and also produced (other) efforts later. He died in the 28th year.1

Rajah Lachhmï Narä'in

An uncle of the zammdär of Kuch-Bihär:

In the 12th year Jahängirl he was awarded the zaminddri (in Gujerat?).2

Rä'i La'l Chand

The s/o Rä'i Bhärmal:

In the 2nd year 'Àlamgïrî he was honoured with a shash sadi (600 dhät) mansab, the title of rä'i and the diwdni of khälisah sharifah (crown lands). In the 17th year he was posted for auditing or checking of the där al-mulk Kabul.3

Notes and References

1. He belonged to the Shaykhäwat got (branch) of the Kachhwähahs and was given the rank of 2000 {dhät). However, Tuzuk, (Eng. Tr. Beveridge) mentions his rank as 1000 {dhät) + 600 sawärs. Among his three sons Rä'i Manohar Das became a noted poet in Persian. Akbar sent him along with BTrbal to bring the daughter of the ruler of Dungarpür to the Royal harem. Akbar had more than four wives. See for details Ansar Zahid Khan, "The Mughul Marriages: A Politico-religious and Legal Study" Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, No. 2 issue, April-June 1976, pp. 103-104. This was the 21st year of Akbar's reign (1577 A.D.) For Lon Karan see Dhakhïrat, vol. I, pp. 219-221; Ma'äthir, vol. II, pp. 115-118.

2. Tuzuk, p. 221 {f;f) Madthir (vol. II, p. 165) says that Lachhman gave his daughter in marriage to Män Singh.

3. 'Àlamgïrnâmah, p. 619.

Harf-i Mïm - m

Räjah Madhükar Bundelah

The zamindär of Awndchhah:

Earlier followed the way of highwaymen. In the 23rd yea Akbarl after a lot of chastisement accepted the way of obedience and through Sädiq Khän secured pardon, the honour of service, award of a mansab and the räjagi title. In the 30th year rendered service in the Deccan. In the 32nd year he ran away from the Deccan (from his duty) and was punished. In the 37th year he died.1

Rajah Mukatman

The zamindär of Bhadäwar in Akbar's reign was honoured with a pän sadi (500 dhät) mansab and the title of räjagi. In the 28th year he was posted with Khän-i Khanan 'Abd al-Rahlm and made efforts. His end is not known.

Räjah Män Singh

The s/o Räjah Bhagwän Däs Kachhwähah:

In the 6th year Akbarl he with his father entered the service, was exalted with a mansab and had the good fortune of accompanying the imperial saddle (the emperor) and rendered services. During the period of kunwarship he often made efforts in battles, particularly in the 17th year in the war in Gujerat he displayed swordsmanship. In the 21st year in the war with Ränä Pratäp Singh, the zamindär of Udaipur, he showed (brave) actions. Therefore Mullä 'Abd al-Qädir Badäyönl in his work has written this line of a verse:

That Hindu [f.58]attacking with the sword of Islam.

In the 26th year posted with prince Muräd Bakhsh against Mirzä Muhammad Hakim, the younger brother of the emperor, who in those days was following the road of revolt, he in the confines of Kabul after a severe battle, was victorious. In the 30th year after the death of Mirzä Hakim he went to Kabul to bring the dependents of the Mirzä (to Agra) and brought them safely. In the 31st year he was appointed to punish the Yousufza'i Afghans and to administer Kabul. In the 33rd year he acquired the glory of the administration of Bihär in place of Sa'id Khän. In the 34th year, after the death of his father, he was honoured with the panj hazàrï mansab and the räjagi title. In the 35th year he showed excellent efforts during the administration of Bihär and was appointed to capture the countries (regions) of Uddlsah (Orissa). In the same year he captured the mahälläl of the sarkär Jagan Näth, a dependency of Uddisah and introduced the khutbah and sikkah of the emperor in that country. …

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