Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Transfer of Power and Jinnah

Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Transfer of Power and Jinnah

Article excerpt

The Indian Independence Act 1947 was promulgated and made effective from Aug 15, 1947 as a result of which two independent dominions of India and Pakistan were established.

The Act provided that each of the dominions would have a Governor General appointed by His Majesty King George VI to represent the King for the purpose of the Government of Communion with full power to assent in his Majesty's name to any law or legislature of that dominion.

Provision was made for continuation of existing laws applicable to British India, including the Government of India Act 1935.

On Aug 14, 1947, King George VI of Great Britain and the British Dominions appointed Mohammad Ali Jinnah as Governor General of Pakistan and conferred on him all powers, rights, privileges and advantages to the said office. The King further authorised and empowered Jinnah to exercise and perform all the powers and duties conferred and imposed upon the Governor General of Pakistan under the Indian Independence Act 1947 and to cause the commission issued by the King to be read and published in the presence of the Chief Justice or some other judge of the Federal Court in Pakistan and further authorised Jinnah to take the oath of allegiance and the oath for execution of the office of Governor General of Pakistan in the form attached and further directed that every person under the commission shall be required to take oath and may take an affirmation in place of the oath if he had any objection to taking it.

Pursuant to the commission issued by King George VI Mohammad Ali Jinnah took the following oath of office: 'I, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, do solemnly affirm true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of Pakistan as by law established and that I will be faithful to His Majesty King George VI, in the office of Governor General of Pakistan. …

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