Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Development of Risk Management System in Primary Schools

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Development of Risk Management System in Primary Schools

Article excerpt

Abstract

This research aimed to; study the risk management and its process, develop the appropriate risk management system, and figure out the system implemented outcomes in Primary Schools in Northern Part of Thailand. The study was Research and Development (R&D) in nature. The study designed into three phases; investigating the current situations and problems of risk management was designed in the first phase.The risk system development and its implementation were designed the second and third phase. The research tools comprised of focused group discussion forms, semi-structure interview forms, and assessment forms. Percentage, Means, and Standard Deviation (SD) were used as statistic analysis tools. The results showed that; there are four aspects of risks management were employed to view the risk in primary school included strategic, operational, financial, and compliance aspects. Five steps of risk management process included; communication and awareness, identification, risk analysis and assessment, planning and management, and monitoring and evaluation of the risk were found. Based on the Multi-Attributed Consensus Reading (MACR), showed that the developed risk system management was appropriated to apply in primary schools. The implementation outcomes which feedbacks by the implementers showed high performance of staffs, high standard of operational risk management, high quality of works, and high rank of satisfaction by the implementers.

Keywords: system development, risk management, primary school, Thailand

1. Introduction

The dynamic situation of the world was intensive, violent, and continuous as in the present. As a result, every organization including the public sectors or private sectors has to improve and change as well as select to use the appropriate instruments for developing the organization, and has to be congment with one's own organization to be used in development and assessment in order to live as well as progress sustainably, and be able to compete with the same kind of organization. (Ieamvijam, 2004: 4) The Act of Bureaucratic Management Rule of the Ministry of Education 2003, Section 20, al Education Act specified the Ministry of Education, the Office of Bureaucratic Development Commission (BDC) specified the indicator of success in establishing risk management system for official sectors by managing the factors, and controlling the activities as well as various implementation processes in order to decrease the causes of each opportunity that causes the threat in organization into level as well as amount of potential risk which might be occurred in the future, into level which could be accepted, evaluated, controlled, and checked systematically by considering the goal accomplishment of organization based on strategies. (The Office of Bureaucratic System Development, 2005: 65-67)

Therefore, it was indispensable for the schools to study and comprehend the usage of risk management system in Primary School, so that the implementation of schools would accomplish the specified goal.

2. Literature Review

The National Education Act 1999, Section 4, Paragraph 5, stated that "Basic education institutions" means those providing basic education. In addition, on Section 4, Paragraph 6, it is stated that "Educational standards" means specifications of educational characteristics, quality desired, and proficiency required of all educational institutions. They serve as means for equivalency for purposes of enhancement and monitoring, checking, evaluation, and quality assurance in the field of education. Moreover, in Section 6, it is stated that Education shall aim at the full development of the Thai people in all aspects: physical and mental health; intellect; knowledge; morality; integrity; and desirable way of life so as to be able to live in harmony with other people.

Chaiyuth Sirisuthi (2002: 4-5) defined "System" as the working process helping to improve one's work efficiency to accomplish goal, including Input, Process, and Output. …

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