Academic journal article International Education Studies

Strategies for Enhancing the Teaching of ICT in Business Education Programmes as Perceived by Business Education Lecturers in Universities in South South Nigeria

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Strategies for Enhancing the Teaching of ICT in Business Education Programmes as Perceived by Business Education Lecturers in Universities in South South Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study assessed the strategies for enhancing the teaching of ICT in Business Education programme as perceived by Business Education lecturers in universities in south south Nigeria. Three research questions and six hypotheses guided the study. The design of this study was a descriptive survey. The population which also served as a sample comprised 134 Business Education lecturers in universities in the south south geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a 66 - item questionnaire. The instrument was validated by experts in Business Education. The internal consistency of the instrument was determined using cronbach alpha, which has a reliability coefficient of 0.93. The data were analysed using mean and standard deviation. The study revealed the prospects of teaching ICT: ICT facilitates interaction between lecturers and students; ICT enhances effective storage of business information; ICT facilitates the retrieval of business information. The study also revealed constraints facing the teaching of ICT such as inadequate ICT facilities/equipment; frequent electricity interruption of ICT facilities and poor implementation of ICT policies. Moreover, the study revealed some strategies for enhancing the teaching of ICT: adequate funding of ICT facilities; provision of adequate ICT equipment; provision of adequate ICT facilities among others. Among the recommendations made were that Business Education lecturers should undergo training and retraining in ICT programme to have more skills and competencies, that adequate ICT facilities should be provided by university authorities to enable lecturers carry out their teaching assignment effectively.

Keywords: strategies, teaching, information and communication technology, business education, universities in Nigeria

1. Introduction

Business Education is education for and about business or training in business skills (Esene, 2012). Business Education according to Okoli (2010) is that aspect of the total educational programme that provides the knowledge, skills, understanding and attitudes needed to perform effectively in the business world as a producer and/or consumer of goods and services that business offers. Business Education is an important part of general education which emphasises skill acquisition for office use. Business Education is a programme of instruction that consists of two parts, namely office education - a programme of vocation for office careers, and general Business Education - a programme which provides the recipients with competencies and skills needed in managing personal business affairs and using the services of the business world (Ezenwafor, 2012). An individual who receives training in Business Education can easily develop potentials for entrepreneurship pursuits especially in this era of economic melt down and unemployment (Ibeneme & Ikegwuani, 2010). Business Education which is offered at the universities and colleges of education is concerned mainly with the development of relevant and saleable skills and knowledge that would enable an individual to function effectively in the world of work (Onojetah, 2012). Business Education programme, according to the American Vocational Association (AVA, 1980), is a broad and comprehensive discipline whose instructional programme encompasses knowledge, skills, vocation and aptitude needed by all citizens in order to effectively manage their personal businesses and also function in the economic system.

Business Education provides employment for graduates. In Business Education programme, courses in marketing, management, accounting and office technology and management are offered by the students. Business Education students are expected to possess the relevant skills, competencies and knowledge in these major aspects of Business Education graduation. The objectives of introducing Business Education at university level are:

1) to produce competent degree graduates who can be self-employed;

2) to produce competent degree graduates who can teach Business Education courses in secondary school and higher institutions;

3) to produce competent degree graduates who can inculcate business ideas into the economy;

4) to produce competent degree graduates who can help in formulating economic policies;

5) to produce competent degree graduates who can employ other persons to reduce unemployment. …

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