Academic journal article International Education Studies

Development of Effective Academic Affairs Administration System in Thai Primary Schools

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Development of Effective Academic Affairs Administration System in Thai Primary Schools

Article excerpt

Abstract

This research aimed to: 1) study current situations and problems of academic affairs administration system in Primary Schools. 2) develop an effective academic affairs administration system, and 3) evaluate the implementation of the developed system in the primary school, Thailand. Research and Development (R&D) was employed which consisted of the analysis of the current states and problems of the academic affairs administration system in primary schools, designing and verification of the developed system by experts, and implementation and evaluation of the developed system. The survey was used to analyze the current states and problems by 750 respondents as the samples, including school administrators and heads of academic affairs. The developed system was verified by nine experts. The developed system implementation was evaluated and informed by eleven school administrators and teachers. The research instruments included: questionnaires, evaluation form, semi-structured interview form, and school record form. The results showed that current situations of Thai primary schools academic affairs administration system, the practices were at high level, and the problems were at moderate level. The developed academic affairs administration system consisted four main aspects and among those there were nineteen components; the input aspect was comprised of six components, the process aspect comprised of eight components, the output aspect comprised of three components and the feedback comprised of two components. The usage of developed academic affairs administration system could significantly improve the students' quality in higher level. In addition, administrators and teachers had satisfaction in system use.

Keywords: academic affairs administration system, effective, Thai primary schools

1. Introduction

1.1 Challenges

The main problems in Thai education system he in the fact that there is inefficient administration and management (Office for National Education Standards and Quality Assessment, 2010). The Office of Secretary the Education Council (2010) revealed that one sub-factor of fundamental structure showed that Thailand competitive capacity in education was ranked as 47 of 57 and that ranked down 4 levels compared to the year 2009. Moreover, the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) also showed that the effectiveness of 15 year-old students in mathematics and sciences was gained under 50% of total grades and English use is ranked as 51 compared to 57 countries in the competition list (Office of the Education Council, 2010). In the part of educational management, International Institute for Management Development considered the budget that the government allocated to the education sector and it showed that Thailand ranked as 52 compared to other countries in the world. Based on these competitive ranking components, Thai education capacity is comprised of the education opportunities, quality, and the effectiveness which were unsatisfactory and still at low quality compared to the previous years.

The performance of Thai children has continually gone down. This can be gauged from various types of Ordinary National Educational Test (O-NET). It was found that the scores of Thai students who responded for the test in 2010 were lower than 50%. Grade 9 students passed in just one subject: health education. They failed in all other subjects. The results of O-NET in 2011 showed that Grade 6 students secured scores higher than 50% in mathematics, social studies, culture and physical education, however, their scores were lower than 50% in English, and art (National Institute of Educational Testing Service, 2012). In terms of primary school, the evaluation conducted by the external education quality during 2006-2010 found that the average value in 14 standards was satisfied. Among the total of 12,268 Thai primary schools, 79.10% accredited and 20.93% were not accredited.

The poor performance of Thai primary schools in administration and management was indicated in the second round of external quality assessment. …

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