Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly

Views of the School Adminstrators about the Readiness Level of the Schools to the Change in the Fourth Year of the Eight-Year Compulsory Education in Turkey

Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly

Views of the School Adminstrators about the Readiness Level of the Schools to the Change in the Fourth Year of the Eight-Year Compulsory Education in Turkey

Article excerpt

This study is carried out to identify the views of the school administrators about the readiness level of the schools to the change in the fourth year ofthe eight-year compulsory education in Turkey. The finding ofthe study reflect the situation of the basic education school in the metropolitan districts of Ankara. The school principals are asked to state their views on the readiness level of the schools to the change regarding the fourteen item. The findings obtained show that the readiness levels of the schools to the change needy improvement This improvement seems to be important in the recent educational context in which the transition to twelve-year compulsory education is discussed

Education is one of the dominant social systems. Social patterns and needs affect the education; in turn, education plays role in the establishment of social pattern and in the identification of the needs. Such an interaction has become one that goes beyond the boundaries of the nations in the twenty first century. In this sense, various educational systems are similiar to each other and they afect one another. This may be regarded as a result of the globalization and as a necessity that is resultd from the new world system. Therefore both turkey and the Turkish educational system should be ready to new situations. Furthermore, educational system should be seen as a driving force in this process. Compulsory eduction has a distinctive significance because of its faction in the system. Such factors as transition to the information society, sociopolitical developments, young and increasing population, etc. require that compulsoru education should last for longer periods.

Although the related legislative attempts were made long before, transition to the eight-year compulsory education was realized in 1997. The review of the past practices indicates that there had been a planned change in the activities. Determining the readiness levels of the schools to the change is important in ident:lying the problem areas in the implementation of the compulsory education.

In this study, the aim is to determine the views of the school administrators regarding the readiness levels of the basic education schools to the change. The study also includes the following topics. the historical process of the compulsory eduction practices in Turkey, the theoretical framework related to the readiness level, the research undertaken and its findings.

Compulsory Education in the Turkish Education System

Before the declaration of the republic, the first Heyeti Ilmiye (Science Council) met between July 15 and August 15 1923 and stated that in the primary education, in addition general academic skills, some kind of occupational skills would be offered. It is also maintained that after the six-- year primary education, two-year education would be given towards agricultural, industrial, commercial training.

This meeting and the decisions made are important in terms of two aspects. Of them, the first one is related to the leadership and vision. Gazi Mustafa Kemal indicated his vision about the compulsory education within the new system. Both social and organizational changes are realized by the leaders having vision. The leaders having vision show what they decide to achieve and what they plan to de for their society and organization. They also provide managerial guidance about what to be achieved.

The second important aspect is that compulsory education was regarded as significant for the future turkey in the 1920s. In 1997 there were only 12 states where the compulsory education was for 5 years. Therefore it is clear that this meeting and the decisions resulted were very important. However this decision could be realized in the practice 74 years after the decision had been made.

This 74-year process related to the compulsory education can be summarized as follows:

1. The 87 article of the 1924 constitution states that compulsory basic education is free for all turkish people in the public schools. …

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