Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

The Effect of Gender Sensitivity on Discrimination among Secondary School Students

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

The Effect of Gender Sensitivity on Discrimination among Secondary School Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study investigated the effect of gender sensitivity on discrimination among secondary school students. 100 senior secondary school students were used for the study. Related literatures that discussed issues of gender sensitivity and discrimination among students were used as theoretical basis for the study. Three research hypotheses were developed for the study. A research instrument titled "Gender Sensitivity and Discrimination Scale (GSDS) was used to collect data for the study. The instrument had 14 items which was validated with a reliability coefficient of 0.81 which shows that it was reliable for the study. Linear correlation and regression analysis was used as a statistical tool to test for relationship between the independent and dependent variables. From the findings, it was discovered that there was a significant relationship between parents attitude towards gender sensitivity on discrimination among secondary school students, while teachers attitude and that of government were not significant in contributing to cases of gender sensitivity amond students.. Recommendations were also made. This study will be significant to counsellors and the general public in sensitizing parents on issues regarding gender sensitivity so as to guide them on fair and equal treatment among their children or wards in order to curb discrimination among secondary school students.

Keywords: gender, sensitivity, discrimination, secondary school, and students

INTRODUCTION

Gender refers to roles, attributes and values assigned by culture and society to women and men. These roles, attributes and values define the behaviours of women and men and the relationship between them. They are created and maintained by social institutions such as families, governments, communities, schools, churches and media. Because of gender, certain roles, traits and characteristics are ascribed distinctly and strictly to men and women.

Gender can also be said to be an individual concept based on societal attitudes and values which differ from one place to the other and change over time. For the purpose of this study, gender refers to roles, attributes and values assigned by culture and society to boys and girls in secondary schools and beyond which change overtime. Furthermore, gender sensitivity implies the level of awareness and appreciation of the need to maintain a reasonable level of gender differentiation between the male and female. It is true to some extent that what a man can do, the woman can equality do, but it is not expedient that woman should insist on doing everything the man does even at the expense of nature's assigned honorific roles of being a man or a woman.

At the same time we stress that all the rustic male character of domination, oppression and marginalization must be done away with otherwise, when gender differentiations are completely obliterated, gender sensitivity will also disappear with it. This will lead to some unnaturalness. To remain gender sensitive, we have to keep the gender peculiarities in focus to a reasonable limit. Gender sensitivity also means the level of awareness of roles assigned to both male and female which varies and changes over time. In our society today, a lot of schools and even government parastatals lack awareness on gender sensitivity, thereby leaching to gender discrimination among students in secondary schools.

The violation of right of women and girls draws on the initial results of an ongoing gender survey conducted in schools internationally by the Global campaign for education. It is to highlight the disparities between girls and boys experience of school and encourage the international community and national governments to achieve gender equality in schools and bring about an end to gender discrimination. Gender discrimination is also known as the practice of letting a person's sex unfairly become a factor when deciding who receives a job, promotion, or other employment benefit. …

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