Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

The Arrastres of White Mountain City

Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

The Arrastres of White Mountain City

Article excerpt

Very little remains of the small settlement of White Mountain City in California's Deep Springs Valley, but what may still be found there provides dues to the reason men were drawn to this remote area. Founded circa 1860 and abandoned by the early twentieth century, White Mountain City, in the high desert of eastern California near the Nevada border, was a small mining settlement. The prospectors who lived there mined the quartz in the area to extract the gold and silver from it. At the site are remains of smelters and the foundations of various other structures, including two arrastres. An arrastre-the word means drag in Spanishis a type of crushing mill, made of wood and rocks and boulders, which are plentiful in the area.

The April 10, 1886, issue of Mining and Scientific Press describes the mill in a story, "Working Gold and Silver Ores. Cheap Methods for Prospectors and Miners."

There are many places on this coast where miners or prospectors are waiting for stamp mills, while if they went about it energetically they could work out their own salvation with arrastres or Chilian mills. …

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