Academic journal article Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology

Philosophical Thought in Education as an Approach across Disciplines in All Natures of Knowledge

Academic journal article Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology

Philosophical Thought in Education as an Approach across Disciplines in All Natures of Knowledge

Article excerpt

Abstract

It is important to understand the concept of philosophical thought within all natures of knowledge well. This writing attempts to explore the perspective of the philosophy of education in Home Economics subjects. As with any other educational disciplines, the subject of Home Economics which is a part of the curriculum in Malaysia have a clear direction and strategy in realizing the nation's desire to produce balanced and highly skilled human resources. Home Economics is not a trashy subject to be underestimated because, ironically, it supports the philosophy and ideals towards the nation's ambition. Without philosophy, there is no path that can be used as a guide to strengthen the actions and direction of educational philosophy. Without that support, the struggle of technical and vocational education cannot provide an impact on the industry and accomplish the aspirations of the nation as a whole. From the perspective of philosophy, the arguments in explaining the importance of knowledge of Home Economics will also be discussed in this paper.

Keywords: philosophical thought, education, home economics, technical and vocational education

1. Introduction

Philosophy is usually associated with abstract and complicated matters. In, reality this is often not the case. In fact, anyone can think philosophically in all matters. We often philosophize unconsciously in our daily lives. Humans are curious and inquisitive, and this nature is fundamental to the basic concept of philosophy. However, it must be stressed that there is a difference between a common individual and a philosopher. A philosopher argues based on deeper thoughts with the use of the philosophical approach. A philosopher is also known as a person who describes the knowledge behind the creation of the universe around him/her, in order to study reality and truth within (Choong Keow Lean, 2008).

Knowledge on philosophy has existed for centuries. It has been developed since the era of the Greeks. Great philosophers who were famous during that time were Plato and Aristotle. Philosophy, which means 'love of wisdom', refers to the effort or approach used to investigate certain issues. Consequently, the truth will be revealed based on the perspective and scope of human thought itself. Hence, it is the base or the core of all knowledge. In other words, philosophy is a mind process based on operations conducted systematically for the purpose to seek the truth and to acquire new knowledge (Tajul, 1993).

Philosophy is easily linked to education. This is because human characters and attitude needs to be shaped based on the philosophy outlined through education system. Education is perceived as an ongoing effort that is practical in generating a change on one's attitude and behavior. Education also acts as the influential agent to encourage positive behavioral change (Mak Soon Sang, 2004). Rosnani Hashim (2003) identifies that education, from the perspective of philosophy, involves the knowledge towards individuals' attitude (metaphysics), theory of knowledge (epistemology), value (ethics) and effective methods (logic). The educational process is closely related to three aspects, namely student, knowledge and teacher. According to John Dewey, one of the Western educational figures, education is a process that focuses on enhancing human life for a better future, whereas school is the social institution that is specified in providing the needs of an individual (student). Education has to be developed with a strong foundation and the educational institution play an important role, in responding to educate, as well as to enhance the necessary values and qualities of human life. Without education, the objective of developing great nations and educated citizens would most likely fail.

2. The Malaysian Educational Context

In the educational context of Malaysia, the educational system is developed to strive for unity among its people, produce human capital, and supply skilled labor in various fields as the core of national development. …

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