Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

Interpretation Context from the Perspective of Adaptation Theory

Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

Interpretation Context from the Perspective of Adaptation Theory

Article excerpt

Abstract

The adaptation theory that came up in 1971 argued that people react to good and bad events in their life, but they eventually return to a stable level of well-being. Adaptation to context is a very important subject that attracts much attention from many branches of linguistics. we should do deep study about the paper.

As Malinowski suggests that utterance "becomes only intelligible when it is placed within its context of situation." Interpretation, in essence, a communicative activity, also only takes place in the special context. Due to its extemporariness, interpretation is more dependent on the context. Study of the relation between context and interpretation should gain its due attention in this field.

Interpretation is dynamic contextual communication. Inspired by Vershueren's adaptation theory from the viewpoint of pragmatics, which involves the issue of language choices, this paper attempts to study on interpretation context from the perspective of adaptation theory in this thesis.

Key words: Adaptation interpretation; Interpretation; Context; Communication

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INTRODUCTION

The paper mainly study a point that is on interpretation context from the perspective of adaptation theory. The adaptation theory that came up in 1971 argued that people react to good and bad events in their life, but they eventually return to a stable level of well-being. Adaptation to context is a very important subject that attracts much attention from many branches of linguistics.

The theory of adaptation contains four angles of investigation, i.e., contextual correlates of adaptation, structural objects of adaptation, dynamics of adaptation, and salience of the adaptation process. Nonetheless, not much research work has been made on the introduction of "theory of adaptation" into interpretation. For that reason, this paper attempts to probe into how interpreters are supposed to adapt to various contexts in interpretation.

Interpretation is dynamic contextual communication. During interpreting, interpreters will inevitably encounter the problem of language choices in lines with different contextual factors in order to transfer original message accurately and achieve smooth communication.

Context, as an important linguistic concept, has attracted much attention in various fields without exception in interpretation. Context plays avital role in interpretation performance. Context adaptation is always mentioned in translation as well as in interpretation.

1. DEFINITION OF ADAPTATION AND CONTEXT

1.1 Introduction to Adaptation Theory

The adaptation theory that came up in 1971 argued that people react to good and bad events in their life, but they eventually return to a stable level of well-being. Researchers from Michigan State University, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, France and England confirmed this theory based on a study conducted to evaluate the effects of marital transitions on life satisfaction. 24,000 individuals were followed for 15 years and were frequently questioned about their life satisfaction.

As what have been stated above, the nature of interpretation is a kind of special communication. But in the process of communication, the components of communication, such as stimulus, temporal factors, spatial factors, and personal factors are always changing. In Larry A. Samovar and Richard E. Porter's "Communication between Cultures, four reasons are put forward to support this point. In order to adapt to these new communicative situation, language users (communicators) have to make choices. They choose the topics purpose techniques of communication. Since interpretation is a kind of communication, this dynamic process also is true to the process of interpretation. The interpreter inevitably meets with all kinds of language choices in the process of interpretation: Adaptation theory is most applicable in analysis and study of communication. …

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