Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Investigation Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits among Sample of Jordanian University Students

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Investigation Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits among Sample of Jordanian University Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence (self-motivation, social skills, empathy, emotional awareness, and emotional management) and personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness). Participants of the study consisted of (624) students (male and females) selected randomly from different faculties of Hashemite University. Two questionnaires on emotional intelligence and personality traits were administered to members of the sample during academic year 2012 / 2013. Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were used for data in the establishing the dependence of the two variables. Results indicate that there is a significant positive correlation between personality traits and emotional intelligence. Results also indicate that personality traits significantly explain emotional intelligence and personality traits predict all sub-dimensions of emotional intelligence.

Key words: Emotional intelligence; Personality traits; Jordanian university students

INTRODUCTION

The term emotional intelligence fist appeared in a series of academic articles authored by Mayer and Salovey (1990; 1997). The literature related to emotional intelligence reveals that there are a multitude of definitions for what constitutes emotional intelligence. Emotional Intelligence is a type of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one's own and other's emotions to discriminate among them and to use the information to guide one's own thinking and action (Cherniss, 2000; Mayer & Salovey, 1993).

Other definitions and models of emotional intelligence conceptualize it as a mixed set of perceived abilities, skills, and personality traits (McCallum & Piper, 2000). Emotional intelligence is the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and in our relationship (Goleman, 1998).

Bar-On's (2006) model consists of five components which can be subdivided in the following sub-sections: consists of five components which can be subdivided in the following sub-sections: Intrapersonal skillscontrol of own emotions, assertiveness, self-respect, self-actualization and independence; Interpersonal skillsempathy, social responsibility, interpersonal relationships; Adaptability-reality testing, flexibility and problem-solving; Stress management-stress tolerance, impulse control; General mood-optimism, happiness.

Prior research has explored the concept of emotional intelligence, which is the ability both to know one's own emotions and read others' emotions as well (Goleman, 2001). Thus, emotional intelligence is an important collection of a series of capabilities such as abilities as the person able to maintain his/ her motivation and resist against difficulties, postpone his impulsivities, adjust his own moods, empathy with others and hopeful (Akharzade, 2004). Meanwhile, personality is an abstract concept which involves actions, emotions, recognition and motivations of a person (Salovey «fe Mayer, 1990; Hedlund «fe Sternberg, 2000).

Emotional intelligences and personality traits have been studied frequently as separate research topics (McCrae, 2000; Van Der Zee et al, 2002; Sala, 2002; Brackett & Mayer, 2003; Zadal, 2004; Austin et al, 2005; Bastian et al, 2005; Cannon and Ranzijn, 2005; De Raad, 2005; Freudenthaler and Neubauer, 2005; Kemp et al, 2005; Shulman & Hemeenover 2006; Amelang and Steinmayer, 2006; Saklofske et al, 2007; Shi and Wing, 2007; Freudentaler and Neubaur, 2007; Chamorro-Premuzic et al,2007; Fumham, 2007; Athota et al ,2009; Besharat, 2010;Sanchez-Ruiz et al, 2010; Khalatbari et al, 2011; Nawi et al, 2012) Findings indicated that there is positive correlation between emotional intelligence and personality traits.

1. PREPARATION OF THE STUDY

1.1 Statement of the Problem

The problem with the current study is to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and personality traits among the students of the Hashemite University in Jordan. …

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