Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Leadership Role Models in Fairy Tales - Using the Example of Folk Art and Fairy Tales, and Novels Especially in Cross-Cultural Comparison: German, Russian and Romanian Fairy Tales

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Leadership Role Models in Fairy Tales - Using the Example of Folk Art and Fairy Tales, and Novels Especially in Cross-Cultural Comparison: German, Russian and Romanian Fairy Tales

Article excerpt

Abstract

In search of role models for leadership, this article deals with leadership figures in fairy tales. The focus is on leadership and female domination pictures. Just as the role of kings and princes, the role of their female hero is defined. There are strong and weak women, but by a special interest in the contribution is the development of the last of the first to power versus strength. Leadership means to deal with one's own person, 'self-rule, then, of rulers'. In fairy tales, we find different styles of leadership and management tools. As properties of the good boss is praised in particular the decision-making and less the organizational skills.

Keywords: personnel management, project management, mission statement, fairy tales, women cross-culturally, leading figure, king, queen, decision

1. What Are Fairy Tales?

Michael Ende, for whom the division of literature into "one for adults and another for children" was "serious symptom", has called his book "Momo" a "fairy tale novel", a term that applies also to "The Neverending Story". This tale belongs to the novel literary pieces that have equal importance for all ages, such as "Arthurian legends, biblical stories, [...] Gulliver's Travels, Don Quixote or the so-called folk tales." In this work, not all of these types are analyzed. The emphasis is on folk tales, but also literary fairy tales, legends, fairy tales and novels, the so-called fantasy genre were included.

1.1 Characteristics of Fairy Tales

A fairy tale is a narrative, with imaginary and real characters acting within fantastic and real events. There are no limits between fantastic and real. The real characters are not only humans but also other creatures with which they interact. The characters, men and women, don't have a distinguished interior and exterior, and are usually featured in black and white, either good or evil. That "good wins" is a rule of fairy tales. The plot is not placed in space and time and the story also has so no ties to identifiable persons.

In general, the hero or heroine is on an ascending scale. Usually this scale is composed of three elements, showing the preference for symbolic.

1.2 Structure of Fairy Tales

There are numerous structures of fairly tales but something is in common to all. The evil disrupts the lives of mankind. The hero / heroine has the mission to restore the order. In this mission (s)he is helped by several fantastic characters, but also the own ingenuity. In the end, the good triumphs. The family of a hero is also having mostly the same, schematic structure. Brothers or sisters (usually 3) are rivals and it goes out of the conflict.

2. Leadership Figures in Fairy Tales

Thoughts about power structures in fairy tales lead to the first issue which means that reign means to have absolute control. But this is a symbol. A king symbolizes a high level of internal development. Also, the kingdom has symbolic dimension, it represents the inner world of spirit and of the soul, the self-control. A king who misuses his power is an evil king.

The male in the story symbolizes the spirit, the mind, and has four stages: boy, youth, adult and old man. Connected with thinking he is exploring the world. The female symbolizes the soul in the stages girl, virgin, woman and old woman. Connected with feeling she turns towards inner life. These steps, in order, correspond to the naivity, then the maturing personality, the mature and experienced one and finally rich characters. Not always are all steps present in the tale. Sometimes there are only two: parent and child. The development of the later is somehow connected to the number of three, the youngest one going the furthest in evolution.

3. "... A Spoonful of Honey"

A Hungarian proverb says: "With a spoonful of honey can be caught more flies than with a plateog vinegar" ("több legyet lehet fogni mint egy egy kanál mézzel tál ecettel" in original). From this saying the title of this section is derived. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.