Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Exploring the Applications of Bio-Eco Architecture for Sustainable Design and Construction Process

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Exploring the Applications of Bio-Eco Architecture for Sustainable Design and Construction Process

Article excerpt

1. Introduction:

Since the energy crisis in the 1970, the ecological design movement is concerned with energy efficiency and the influence of building on the surrounding natural environment. At the cutting-edge of contemporary architecture, there have been many new directions during the 21st Century, but three stand out: height, sustainability, and bio-inspired designs; thus, a new balance will be struck between scientific-technological advancement and human development(emergence of bio-architecture and eco-technologies) to connect the old vision of ecological design with the contemporary one of biological inspiration.

The new approach carried out in this paper transfers the biological characteristics of natural life on the built environment. The study of the overlapping fields of biology and architecture will show innovative potentials for architectural solutions which help reducing the harmful effects of building industry on the environment.

This paper will focus on bio-inspired architectural design which achieves sustainable and ecological design. The central canon of Bio-Architecture is that all life responds well to design that is energetically harmonious with nature. The Bio-Architecture approach embraces the eco-friendly practices of sustainable construction and the use of natural materials, as well as the energy conservation by mimicking the natural life. Since antiquity man has been fascinated and awed by the beauty of the natural world for example, in the regular patterns of crystals, living creatures (simple animals, plants, and flowers) or their parts, or even the human form. Architects in particular have found inspiration in natural forms, Structures in nature represent some of the most elegant and sophisticated forms, demonstrating complicated design and engineering principles. Digital techniques have advanced with a wide range in recent years, offering an exciting opportunity to represent, analyze, create, fabricate, and simulate architectural forms inspired by nature which benefit the practice of architecture, by enabling new capabilities to integrate considerations of aesthetics, materials, structure, and environmental controls. (Aizenberg J. and Dorsey J., 2011)

1.1. Problem Definition:

At the beginning of 2007, 6.6 billon people are living on earth and with this huge growth of the world's population, the rapid development in technology and economy creates an enormous impact on the environment and as a consequence built environment has replaced the former natural environment that has been managed to be transformed to fit human needs. Therefore the design of the built environment is becoming more important with the qualities of life which could be found in nature in order to be introduced into the artificial, cultural, or social, environment to maintain quality of life and biodiversity. In studying the environment necessary to support life, it may be possible to redefine the function of architecture as a discipline which enables people to build spaces which have a physically positive effect on living things.

It has been commonly noted that the main perception of nature influenced forms is basically aesthetic while little concern is given to the importance of inspiring from nature in the construction and structural performance of buildings as well as in the natural ecological architectural solutions.

1.2. Research Question:

Can the biological characteristics of natural life and the built environment offer new solutions for more appropriate, bio-eco architectural designs?

What are the potentials of Bio-inspired architecture that can contribute to better quality of life?

1.3. Hypothesis:

Inspiring architecture from nature will help to find ways for safe guarding the biodiversity of the environment from being destroyed; thus, biomimetics in architecture will help develop a culture of active environmental design which will not only reduce the negative environmental impacts but will also creates a positive environmental, social and economic solutions. …

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