Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Systematized Traffic Pattern-Solution for Multiple Problems: A Case Study of Traffic Pattern at Selected Roads (Shahrah-E-Quaid-E-Azam) in Lahore

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Systematized Traffic Pattern-Solution for Multiple Problems: A Case Study of Traffic Pattern at Selected Roads (Shahrah-E-Quaid-E-Azam) in Lahore

Article excerpt

Abstracts

The rapid growth rate in urban population and flow of technologies has fastened the magnitudes and patterns of urban transportation network. The number of vehicles has increased tremendously in the metropolitan areas of the city. Whereas the traffic control involves the attempts to make the movements as fast, efficient and safe as possible with minimum damage to the local or regional environment. This study will create a relationship among travel patterns (individual behavior), transportation facilities (planning and decision-making processes),sustainable economic growth, social well-being, and environmental context of Lahore that forms the basis of transportation analysis and policy decisions in the governmental agencies.

The real challenge comes from alarming inner city vehicle increases in the country. Recent years have seen an unprecedented growth of traffic in Pakistan. There are multiple reasons for this rapid increase which is greatly evident in big cities like Karachi and Lahore. This has raised a number of concerns and questions for research and modeling of advanced and efficient traffic patterns.This paper is a detail study of multidimensional traffic pattern of Lahore, its issues, flow and intensity; peak congestion hours and periods of extreme pressure at some of the major roads in the city finally ending at a focused case study (Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam). On the basis of systematically collected quantitative data of the sampled main roads, study provides guidelines and policy measures for the government to control this menace. Keeping in view the geographical limitations and socio economic structure of the city, it also suggests remedies to overcome traffic problems. Paper proposes a researched based practicum model to help set an efficient and sustainable traffic pattern. The rationale of the study is to create Vehicle Density History (VDH) for selected chowks at different times of the day. i.e peak, medium and low hours. Once a comprehensive VDH is created, it can help for integrated planning for efficient traffic flow patterns and management.

Keywords:

Research question and hypothesis

This paper is a detail study of multidimensional traffic pattern of Lahore, its issues, flow and intensity, peak congestion hours, modes of vehicles and periods of extreme pressure at some of the selected main roads like the Shahrah-e-Quaid-e- Azam (Mall road) in the city finally ending at a focused case study of Town Hall and Chearing Cross chowks. How the traffic pressure is lessen with the existing facilities in metropolitan areas of Lahore. The management strategies can only strengthened the resource use and road structures. The higher the pressure of traffic, greater the need for hourly study of the traffic flow to be systematically done and intelligently used.

Objectives

1. Study aims at providing an authentic data based analysis of the traffic flow along the selected roads (Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam) in Lahore metropolitan areas.

2. To systematise the traffic flow pattern and will help as a guideline for the government departments and agencies involved to control this menace.

3. Study will also provide guidelines policy measures for the government agencies.

4. Keeping in view the geographical limitations and socio-economic structure of the city, it also suggests remedies to overcome traffic flow problems. This study proposes a research based practicum model to help set an efficient and sustainable traffic flow pattern for the selected areas.

5. To assess the impact of traffic flow on the environmental quality of adjacent localities.

Study Area

Lahore is the business hub of the Punjab province as well as Pakistan's second largest city in population and economic activities. Most of the population of Lahore is engaged in industry, trade, commerce and other services. This city has lots of large and small-scale industries producing variety of products, railway carriage factory and workshop, foundries, etc. …

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