Academic journal article Comparative and International Education

The Role of Language in Processes of Internationalization in Two Diverse Contexts in Ontario: Considering Multiple Voices from within and outside/Le Rôle De la Langue Dans Les Processus D'internationalisation: Prendre En Considération Les Voix Multiples De L'intérieur et De L'extérieur De Deux Contextes éDucatifs En Ontario

Academic journal article Comparative and International Education

The Role of Language in Processes of Internationalization in Two Diverse Contexts in Ontario: Considering Multiple Voices from within and outside/Le Rôle De la Langue Dans Les Processus D'internationalisation: Prendre En Considération Les Voix Multiples De L'intérieur et De L'extérieur De Deux Contextes éDucatifs En Ontario

Article excerpt

Abstract: This multi-authored paper considers the role of language and linguistic heterogeneity in relation to larger discourses and processes of internationalization and globalization in Canadian higher education by examining linguistic practices as well as students' perspectives in two particular educational contexts in Ontario: newly arrived adult students participating in Immigrant language training programs; and Franco-Ontarian students transitioning to post-secondary schools and gaining access to higher education. The authors argue for a multidimensional conceptual approach to theorizing internationalization; one that takes into account the significance of language from the global, transnational and local levels of the social world whereby linguistic heterogeneity is viewed as the "norm". This approach allows for a broader and deeper engagement when considering what international education might mean, particularly for citizenship, integration, and linguistic minorities in Canada.

Résumé: Cet article écrit par plusieurs auteurs examine le rôle du langage de la langue et de la diversité linguistique en relation avec les discours et les processus d'internationalisation et de globalisation dans le contexte de l'éducation universitaire canadienne. Cet article analyse plus précisément les pratiques linguistiques et les perspectives des étudiants dans deux contextes éducatifs en Ontario : étudiants adultes récemment arrivés qui apprennent l'anglais dans un programme pour immigrés et étudiants franco- ontariens qui passent au niveau universitaire. Les auteurs plaident pour l'utilisation d'une approche conceptuelle multidimensionnelle dans les théories d'internationalisation, c'est-à dire une approche qui prendrait en compte l'importance de la langue au niveau global, transnational et local et qui verrait la diversité linguistique comme une norme (et non plus comme une exception). Cette approche multidimensionnelle permettrait d'analyser l'éducation internationale d'une façon bien plus large et précise, surtout en relation avec la citoyenneté, l'intégration et les minorités linguistiques au Canada.

Key words: language, globalization, internationalization, linguistic minorization, newcomers to Canada, immigration, linguistic heterogeneity, ideologies of language

Mots-clefs: langue, globalisation, internationalisation, minorisation linguistique, nouveaux arrivants au Canada, immigration, diversité linguistique, idéologies linguistiques.

Introduction: The role of language and voices from within and outside by Julie Byrd Clark

Educational institutions and organizations are continually being influenced by global shifts and more recently by processes associated with internationalization. According to DeWit & Knight (1997), internationalization of higher education is a process or a means to integrate international, intercultural, and peace dimensions into the university, and yet, at the same time, internationalization is a response to globalization (a process that overlaps with but yet is distinct from globalization). At the university level, emanating from a top-down approach, internationalization has tended to discursively take shape as a neoliberal means of "branding1" driven by competing global market forces in this new economy instead of attempting to integrate diverse, international perspectives and understandings in relation to teaching, learning, research, and service functions of universities (see Knight, 2011). To clarify, neoliberal discourse refers to the marketing or free enterprise dimension of internationalization, yet masks this dimension at the same time by trying to use propaganda which focuses on moral aspects of internationalizing in order to manipulate and gain control over symbolic and material resources. While many critical pedagogues and researchers in higher education are currently invested in finding new ways to theorize international education as relates to notions of cosmopolitanism well as the global research imagination (for example, Rizvi, 2009; Kenway & Fahey, 2009) with the aim to shed light on the complexity involved in these processes, the role of language in internationalizing and globalizing is often overlooked, assumed, or not considered at all. …

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