Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Learning Single Stance Pencak Silat through Computer Based Training (CBT)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Learning Single Stance Pencak Silat through Computer Based Training (CBT)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to improve the learning outcomes of a single stance of pencak silat by applying methods of computer based training (CBT) courses to students of Physical Education, Health and Recreation Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Siliwangi. This is an action research involving 67 students who were enrolled in pencak silat course. Techniques of data collection consisted of tests and observations. Several tests were used to obtain data about the single stance of pencak silat skills. Observations used to collect data were related to learning activities involving students and faculty, especially at the time of application of learning tools (computers, cameras, and LCD). The results of this study concluded that the application of learning tools (i.e. computers, cameras, and LCD) are very effective to improve students' skills of pencak silat to master single stance with a level of effectiveness: (1) First cycle increases by 45.8% with a mean value of79.6, and (2) Cycle II increases by 27.4% with an average of 88.73%. This study concludes that the method of computer based training (CBT) was effectively used to improve students' learning outcomes of a single stance in the pencak silat.

Keywords: learning, computer based training methods, a single stance of pencak silat

1. Introduction

Pencak Silat is a compound word. Pencak and Silat has the same meaning and is part of the culture of the indigenous peoples of Southeast Asian ethnic groups who are native of the countries in the area of Brunei Darussalam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

The word Pencak is commonly used by the people of Java, Madura and Bali, while Silat is commonly used by people in other parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam and Thailand (Southern) and the Philippines. The Malay population is among hundreds of ethnic groups inhabiting the region (Maryono, 2000). Pencak silat is the essence of self-defense and cannot be used for showing off(Maryono, 2000). Silat is a martial-attacking movement closely associated with spiritual, so it can turn on instinct, drive the human conscience and submit to God Almighty. As stated by Monoarfa (2005), Pencak is a game (skill) to defend themselves with parry skill. Pencak silat has values or aspects:

a. The art of Pencak Silat is a whole branch of engineering of movement; it is a modification of the technique of self-defense, and moves in accordance with the rules of aesthetics, and its use is intended to showcase the beauty of pencak silat;

b. Mental Spiritual Pencak Silat is a branch of modified pencak silat techniques and movement and its use is intended to illustrate and also inculcate the teachings of the philosophy of pencak silat;

c. Pencak Silat Sports is a modification of technique and stance of pencak silat moves, and its use is aimed at creating and maintaining physical fitness and agility and sports performance;

d. In Pencak Silat, the whole purpose of using specific techniques and movement in order to maintain or defend oneselves.

Pencak Silat is divided into two categories, the sparring and art categories. Art category is furtherdivided into three types namely Single, Dual, and Team. Pencak silat is included as a sport competed at the school level activities in Indonesia. Apart from being one of the games in sports competition, in order to preserve pencak silat as a sport, the native of Indonesia in school often do pencak silat performances.

Pencak Silat in Health, Physical Education and Recreation courses at Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Universitas Siliwangi is included as a compulsory 2 (two) credits subject. Given the amount of material that must be learned by the students with a very limited time, then the question of how can pencak silat course be learned effectively (practice) mainly if material shown cannot be repeated. …

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