Academic journal article International Education Studies

Causes of Students' Violence at AL-Hussein Bin Talal University

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Causes of Students' Violence at AL-Hussein Bin Talal University

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aimed at identifying the causes of students' violence from the student's point of view, and also aimed at investigating the proper solutions to reduce the spread of violence at AL-Hussein Bin Talal University. The study sample consisted of (906) male and female students from Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, who have enrolled the summer semester during the academic year (2011/2012). The sample was selected randomly from faculties of Arts, Science, Information Technology, Education, Engineering, Tourism Archaeology, Business Administration & Economics and Faculty of Nursing. Respondents -both males and females- belong to different academic years: first, second, third and fourth year. In order to invistigate the most significant reasons of violence, information were gathered through a questionnaire of a five point scale for the measurement of the scale, and the results had showed that the major causes of violence as reported by the respondents were tribal fanaticism, nepotism, tribal effects on the society, not respecting students and improper treatment, psychological stress and disorders, weakness of the religious restrain and bad investment of free time.

Keywords: research, violence, university, educational process, social problems, fantasicm

1. Introduction

The phenomenon of violence requires attention, as it is spreading in developed and developing countries as the same, and it has its political, economic, social, cultural and psychological aspects, as defined by all human societies, and this rapid spread of this phenomenon had affected the political, social and economical environment, thus, many sociologists sees that reforming any society will be through the control of this phenomenon within the community.

In recent years, the world has witnessed a widespread of violence in all parts of the society in general, and at universities in particular, in addition to an increasing number of crimes, regardless of countries, areas or origins. On the other hand, violence Intensity and effect may differentiate according to the degree of awareness and culture, urbanization, as well as social classes and life style (Shwiehat & Akroush, 2010).

Violence has become a serious problem affecting not only students, families, and educational construction, but also it affects the overall society.

It is doubtless that successful educational process, whether in schools or universities, requires a secure and safe environment, and to achieve this goal, all society members have to combine efforts and work together and cooperate in order to stop this threat and prevent its negative impact on the society (Wiley & Sons, 2001).

Although violence is practiced everywhere and is not limited to a specific class or age, It is notable that violence spreads at universities more than other institutions. University community is distinguished from other communities, affects and is affected by other phenomenon, and what happens inside the campus is reflected outside.

1.1 Definitions

Student violence is an offensive and compelling form of behavior which includes physical or psychological harm, financial exploitation, damaging other's properties which are practiced by some students against colleagues or instructors. It also includes breaking university rules and damaging its properties (Hawamdeh, 2007).

1.2 Causes of Violence

It was not strange to hear, especially in the last decades, that a student hurts or shots one of his colleges or that the university administration seeks the public security help to stop a big fight or quarrel. Throughout university stages, student rarely would not see or participate in any dispute or quarrel. In most cases, tribal fanaticism is the most significant cause to encourage violence, in addition to that, the spread of masculinity in the Arab world in general, and in the Jordanian community specifically. Sometimes, long hours of free time may also lead to the behavior of violence (Kim, 2005). …

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