Academic journal article Techno Learn

Language Learning through Media: Role of Radio

Academic journal article Techno Learn

Language Learning through Media: Role of Radio

Article excerpt

Introduction

The teaching and learning of any language has to be made keeping in view that language is a social phenomenon. The language learning always has an underlying internal social function in the community. The same is true for English learning in India. English in India belong to no region or group but it is welcomed everywhere though possessed by none. It has acquired the status of most preferred language. Emphasizing the importance of English language Radhakrishnan Commission states that-"it is true that English language has been one of the potent factors in the development of unity in country. In fact the concept of nationality and the sentiment of nationalism are largely the gifts of the English language and literature in India..."

English today enjoys the status of Global language, link language, and official language. So it is relevant to review and analyze the status of English teaching and learning in India time to time for identifying the areas that need to be amended and improved.

Language learning involves ,mastery of four basic skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. These skills are mastered on more or less hierarchical fashion and mastery of one depends on the other. The first step towards learning any language is 'Listening' that language, practicing the listening skill is the foundation stone of language learning. The term 'listening' is refers to the ability to understand, how a particular sentence relates to what else has been said and its function in the communication. At this stage the listener selects what is relevant to his purpose and rejects what is irrelevant. According to the Dictionary of Education "listening is the art of paying close attention to the conversation of another person or persons in order to obtain selectively verbal and nonverbal clauses to behavioral patterns explicit or implicit." In ancient times much emphasis was laid on the listening skill because education system in those days was depended on speaking and listening. However with the advent of printing the emphasis passed to reading also but still listening and speaking are considered the initial steps towards developing communication skill in particular language and their relevance cannot be challenged. Listening is essential to promote classroom interaction between the teachers and students. It is an active knowledge guided process. Dechant remarks, "Training in listening develops auditory discrimination which serves as a basis for phonetic analysis in reading" thus listening is of great importance in teaching English, it being cognitive process, in which factor of attention and memory play a vital role.

Although listening skill is the primary among all the four skills yet comparatively it is much neglected and least attention is paid to practice it in Indian schools. The main reason behind it is that teachers do not realize the importance of this skill; they are overburdened with the pressure to finish the course and hardly have time and will to make any effort to develop listening skill in students. Generally teachers do not take interest in oral work and they seldom ask question for oral answer. Thus students do not get opportunity for listening skill, consequently they do not cultivate the habit of listening and their speaking is also adversely affected.

In a country where success in the society depends largely upon success in learning English, challenges for English teaching are multifaceted. Today in spite of giving English an important place in curriculum, fluency and accuracy in this language still elude the learner. The diagnosis of this problem highlights different limitations in our system of English language teaching. The major among them are-

* Family background of most of the Indian families is not appropriate for developing proficiency in English

* Schools fail to provide opportunity to students to experience native speakers.

* Students don't get ideal models to follow

* Methods and approaches of English teaching are obsolete, traditional and un-psychological. …

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