Academic journal article Material Culture

A Parting Gift from a Gentleman and Fulbright Scholar

Academic journal article Material Culture

A Parting Gift from a Gentleman and Fulbright Scholar

Article excerpt

The stimulant caffeine was discovered by people in East Africa as coffee and in the form of tea in Southeast Asia. In South America it was discovered in an evergreen tree by the Guarani people native to an area that covers present day Paraguay, Northern Argentina and Southern Brazil. The Spanish refer to this stimulating drink as yerba mate and Brazilians refer to it as erva mate or chimarrao. My introduction to mate came through a Fulbright Scholar from Southern Brazil named Fernando Carmargo, who spent a semester at my college. Fernando brought the apparatus with him used to steep and consume mate. The mate is steeped in warm water (boiled water is avoided because it makes the drink bitter) in a gourd-shaped device that is referred to by Brazilians as a cabaça or cuia\ Spanish speakers call it a guampa, porongo or mate. When it is ready a metal straw called a bomba (bombilla in Spanish) is used to drink the fluid. …

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