Academic journal article European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences, The

Didactics: Between Modernity and Tradition

Academic journal article European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences, The

Didactics: Between Modernity and Tradition

Article excerpt

1. Introduction:

Nowadays, the young teacher is confronted with a large amount of knowledge and skills to acquire with the impression that everything is based on his person: mastering knowledge to be taught, techniques to achieve the objectives, management of time and environment, interpersonal relations, success of his pupils, and so forth.

Among the disciplines that deal with this problem, we distinguish the Didactics which will work mainly on the organization of the knowledge to be taught by renewing the concepts of pedagogy and by creating devices of learning.

To achieve our purpose, we shall present two axes: the first one concerns transfer movements raised above educational situation as well as the teacher's position .The second axis concerns the teachers' education and the contribution of technology in the learning process.

2. Problem Statement:

In the first part , concerning the transferential movements; the contributions of psychoanalysis in teaching and education are very ancient and are better known nowadays. Freud ,S. had soon stated his interest in pedagogy and education: his dream of spreading his discovery to the whole world was a fertile land for educators and teachers, predestined to relationships with childhood and adolescence.

Freud , S. published several writings on those possible relationships and on his own memories and fantasy as a secondary school student in relation to his teachers in his childhood. In his writings, he described transfer - a pupil's feeling towards his/her teacher- showing either love or hostility effecting the relationship of the teacher to his/her knowledge ,a repetition of infantile pictures about new situations , which organize the pupil's interest, rejection or ambivalence towards school disciplines and their teachers 'person (Pechberty B., 2003, P.265).

Some observations and writings from experience have shown transfer interfering during games in class, some fantasies related to a pedagogical relationship, or the position of sexual or aggressive impulses that facilitate or hinder learning .

The second part concerns the question about the position of research in teachers training is raised. A training with no matter how developed techniques, whatever applicable and reproducible they can be , is opposed to a method of creation and invention starting from subtle understanding in an educational ,socio- economic , political , institutional and material context (Poteaux N, 2003, P. 85).

Our interest here is the implementation of ITC-information technology and communication in the educational sector that challenges ,while developing it, the traditional learning environment and introduces new tools.

3. Research Questions:

We wish, in our present article, to give some answers to the following crucial questions:

- Do the transferential movements influence the educational situation?

- What is the role of the teacher in this technological storm?

-Would the new educational technologies lead to better teaching and learning?

4. Purpose of the Study:

We would like to state the importance of transfer movements in a pedagogical relationship that can motivate and promote a learner (school success) as they can hinder him (school failure).

The first suggestion is to help teachers become aware of the possible reasons for the limitations of certain teaching practices they implement. The second is to provide assistance so that they adhere themselves to new practices and this by showing their feasibility. That would be possible when teachers be conscious of the teaching process and allow themselves improve or transform their conception considering the dialectical relationship between the two terms.

5. Research Methods

In our study we first adopted the psychoanalysis theory to study the personality of teachers. Class observations created a research area; they permitted the formation of a new concept adapted to a pedagogical and didactic situation, clinical analysis practices sessions informed uson identity and professional modifications required for this. …

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