Academic journal article Manager

Evolution Trends of the Leadership in the Romanian Academic Environment

Academic journal article Manager

Evolution Trends of the Leadership in the Romanian Academic Environment

Article excerpt

1.introduction

The numerous changes the Romanian society has passed through in the last period, starting with the transformation of the whole socio-economic system that took place in the 90's, continuing with the Euro-Atlantic ac- cession process and more recently the that was not fully overcome, have generated huge costs that affected each sector. There is no need for a exhaustive analysis of this pe- riod to observe that many of the problems emerged could have been avoided or attenu- ated, thus reducing the devastating impact they had on some broad social strata.

Looking at the global situation we clear- ly see that the world is dominated by pow- erful conflicts and challenges that increase the uncertainties and the risks are huge. The financial crisis, the crisis of the Euro zone together with the crisis of confidence that it has caused among the population within the whole European Union, the revolutionary movements that might break the already pre- carious balance existent within some regions, represent just a few of the problems faced and struggled by humanity.

Therefore, in this context we do not find it surprising that voices accusing the failure of the current leadership both in Romanian society and at European and global level are becoming more numerous. Obviously, this approach, which shifts the responsibility solely on the leaders' shoulders is extremely simplistic and does not take into account the many aspects such as the extremely high level of change that humanity knows due to the evolution of technology, the changes of paradigm taking place within the business environment, increasing concern for the en- vironmental protection and social justice, the issues arising in relation to the sources of en- ergy, the increasing numerous criticisms di- rected towards political models, etc.

But what is clear is that the need for a proper leadership suitable for these turbu- lent times is increased. Be it the political, eco- nomic, social, business or civil society, each environment faces such problems.

Under these conditions, the academ- ic environment, criticised until recently by many for (almost) all evil on Earth, becomes today the place where increasingly more people turn for answers. In the situation where the intellectual capital is increasingly seen by many as a chance to resolve the prob- lems that affect the modern society and can provide answers to the numerous challenges faced by humanity, the role of the academic environment becomes once again important, both by training future leaders and by pro- viding solutions through research programs that occur under its umbrella.

In this seemingly complicated picture, the Romanian academic environment is chal- lenged and must respond, thus being forced to provide solutions to the problems of the national present and the challenges launched by the world in general, as well as the chal- lenges of the future we can only anticipate. In this respect, Richard Riley's opinion, for- mer Secretary of State for Education in the United States of America under the Clinton administration, that "We are currently pre- paring students for jobs that don't yet exist, using technologies that haven't been invent- ed yet, in order to solve problems we don't even know are problems yet." seems more relevant today than ever.

In this context, leadership is becoming increasingly important in the Romanian aca- demic environment both in terms of how it is communicated to students and the way it is applied within various universities.

In this paper we wish to outline the evolution trends of the leadership in the Romanian academic environment based on the one hand from an analysis of how they have evolved over time and on the other hand from the analysis of the challenges that this environment will face in the future. Given that any educational project needs a long pe- riod of time to show results, either positive or negative, due to the particularities of this system, we believe that any target set both at central and each university level must take into account a time frame large enough to be able to observe the effects and, perhaps more importantly, should be followed consistently throughout that period. …

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