Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

An Empirical Model for Successful Collaborative Design towards Sustainable Project Development

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

An Empirical Model for Successful Collaborative Design towards Sustainable Project Development

Article excerpt

Abstract

Building design is developed into complexities, especially because of the emergence needs on applying a concept of sustainability. Aesthetic and engineering systems are no longer as main consideration in a design production process. Collaboration is needed to facilitate the integration of multiple knowledge and participants in a design process. In the process, multiple experts are required for achieving the best design. This paper purposes to discover issues and solutions as the important factors of collaborative design. Literature study is applied to determine the factors which are physical, technical, and social factors. They are found as three main aspects to be considered in supporting successful collaborative design. It is also found that recently, research in this area is directing for developing social factors as main issue. Factor analysis is also used as methodology to identify and analyze the similarities and interdependencies between factors. Analysis of data which is gained from designers and experts in Indonesia discovers that the three factors are reduced into two factors. The model of successful collaborative design is developed based on two findings in this research, that is not only conceptually but also empirically.

Keywords: collaborative design, multi-discipline design, sustainable project development

1. Introduction

Implementation of sustainability concept in a project development causes a building design into complexities, and it causes the need to involve multiple experts to accomplish the design. Stasinopoulos et al. (2009) described that building systems is not the only aspect that need to be considered in building design. The impact of building to sustainability as whole system of built environment is another important factor. It is supported by Wang et al. (2010) whom stated that long-term environmental and economical benefits of urban growth and development are important to be considered in the concept of building design. Based on review, it is found that collaborative design is an essential approach to facilitate multi participants in a design process (Kalay et al., 1998), as Kvan (2000) found that various experts are involved in design process to acquire suitable knowledge. They were able to work together simultaneously in integrating their expertise to gain best design as best shared solutions through collaborative design. This achievement will support the sustainability of project development. Related with this statement, Utomo and Rahmawati (2012) had found that in developing sustainable project development, especially in vertical housing, collaborative design has important role in supporting it.

Researches in collaborative design are mainly discussing about the achievement of successfulness (Rahmawati et al., 2013). Most of them described issues which are contributed to failure in achieving the most appropriate design. The inventions of methods, tools, or systems which supported collaboration in design process are also discussed in the researches. Due to the important need of successful design in supporting sustainable project development, this research is conducted to discover factors which support successful collaboration. It identifies issues and solutions that have been developed in previous research. Literature review is used as methodology in this research. There are three main processes which are used to implement the methodology (Levy & Ellis, 2006), that consist of collecting papers, analyzing papers, and synthesizing papers. In applying literature review, researches in this area are collected and classified based on similarity of issues and solutions that have been described and purposed. And then it is continued with synthesizing process by comparing and combining the classified issues and solutions. The discovered factors that are classified in each group will be determined as supported factors. In which it can be used as guidance or knowledge in achieving successful collaborative design. …

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