Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

The Contribution of Art to the Ecological Building Up of the Pupils' Personality

Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

The Contribution of Art to the Ecological Building Up of the Pupils' Personality

Article excerpt

Nature has always succeeded to awake feelings and strong emotions in the people's souls, be they artists or not, by means of its beauty. Art is not only a means of reception and creation of the natural beauty, but also a means to understand the secrets and the utility of nature. Alongside these functions of the education through art, even the moralizing one must be invocated, because by means of understanding the works of art which focus on nature, the norms and rules of ecological behavior will become more accessible, the works of art having a rich ethical meaning. In this respect, the study of the disciplines from the curricular aria of Artistic Education by the children may assure the building up and the development of the ecological conscience and behavior by indicating some aspects, facts and concrete situations of braking or respecting the norms of protection and preservation of nature or, most of the times, the identification and the presentation of the intrinsic value of nature.

The interdisciplinary approach of the ecological education and of the disciplines concerning the curriculum of Artistic Education represents an efficient way to accomplish the objectives of the ecological education at the preschool and tender school age. This being one of my older preoccupation, I intend to study thoroughly the interdependences and complementarities existent between the two fields, especially of the way in which the intrinsic value of nature is being reflected and highlighted by means of a series of properties like: the aesthetic one, being a complex system, being a natural object, etc., in the works of art studied by children in school. The ecological building up of the pupils' personality can be done by means of knowing and identifying these properties specific for the works of art and also by assimilating different working techniques. This is the reason why different points of view and theories regarding the attitude towards nature and its problematics must be mentioned.

The ethical premises of the ecological education

Even though it appeared and developed relatively late in the XXth century, the ecological ethics had a continuous evolution, becoming a sub-branch of the applied ethics, just because of the complexity and seriousness of the environmental issues. The ecological crisis, as part of the contemporary problematics, no matter how powerful its specificity is, cannot be analyzed and explained without taking into consideration its links to some other problems. In order to participate and evaluate facts or situations which result in deteriorating the environment, one sees oneself forced to leam to fight against complexity and to use the interdisciplinary measures, taking into consideration its links to other problems. The interdisciplinary measure "regards the transfer of methods from one discipline to another. There are three degrees of interdisciplinary: applied, epistemological and generator of new disciplines"(Nicolescu, B., 2002). Even though interdisciplinarity goes beyond the boundaries of disciplines, its result is still part of disciplinary research.

Talking about the evolution of the ecological ethics as a science, Holmes Rolston III appreciates that "only a few ethical studies are so profound so as to pass from theory to practice. Environmental ethics is both radical and revolutionary'^ Holmes Rolston III, 1998).

Thus, from Aldo Leopold's "Land Ethics" of the '60s, which had a considerable impact on the shaping of environmental ethics, by means of the rights of different species to continue their existence in a natural environment, of the demand to give up the role of ruler of the land and to respect al living being, of enlarging the boundaries of the community so as to include the soil, water, plants and animals, or simply, the entire world, in the 70s the ecological ethics becomes a distinct part of ethics. It has a diverse and complex problematics, including all present and future human beings, animals and the entire nature, the biosphere, pollution, the population control system, the use of resources, the production and distribution of food, the production and consumption of energy, wildness preservation and biodiversity. …

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