Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

The Contribution of Students' Personal Effort in Their Academic Performance in Vihiga County, Kenya

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

The Contribution of Students' Personal Effort in Their Academic Performance in Vihiga County, Kenya

Article excerpt


This study examined the relationship between students' role performance (SRP) and their academic performance based on a study conducted in secondary schools in Vihiga County, Kenya. In the study, students' role performance was considered one of the major psychosocial factors that influence students' academic performance. The study used a correlation research design and subjects were randomly selected from twenty-one public secondary schools. Questionnaires of the five point Likert type were used to collect data pertaining to students' role performance and students' academic performance were obtained from school records. Multiple regression analysis was the main technique of data analysis. The findings of the study showed that student' role performance made significant contribution to the students' academic performance. However, student role performance had a negative effect on students' academic performance. Students with positive attitude towards their academic work and their teachers and who attend school regularly perceive themselves as high achievers and tend to perform better academically than those without such attributes. Student role performance contributes more significantly to students' academic performance jointly with intelligence. Thus, students should be encouraged to seek advice from their teachers and fellow students in a bid to improve their academic performance. Further, teachers should employ teaching-learning strategies that encourages creativity at the expense of rote learning and parents should provide a home environment that promotes children intellectual development. The findings of the study enables teachers, principals, parents and other stakeholders to have a deep understanding of the effects of psychosocial factors on students' academic performance.

Keywords: effect, students role performance, academic performance, vihiga county, Kenya


The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between students' role performance (SRP) and students' academic performance. Student Role Performance is a set of behavioural and personal characteristics that affect how well an individual fulfils the role of a student in an educational setting (Barry, 2005). SRP involves factors such as sex, deviant behaviour, school effort, extracurricular activities and student disabilities. The effect of sex on a student's academic performance has been debated and researched over the past several decades (Perry, 1996). It indicates that there is an academic achievement gap between sexes, with boys ahead of girls. However, research that is more recent has shown that the achievement gap has been narrowing and in some instances, the girls had higher academic achievement than boys did (Chambers, 2004). Toyokawa (2004) observes that girls have been found to exert more pressure at school, leading to better performance in schools. Additionally, Eitle (2005) shows that males want to outperform females in mathematics and sciences.

According to Carbonaro (2005), school effort is the amount of time and energy that students expend in the formal academic requirements established by their teachers and or their schools. He identifies three different types of school effort. These are: rule oriented effort (showing up to and behaving in class), procedural effort (meeting specific class demands such as assignments on time), and intellectual effort (critically thinking about and understanding the curriculum).

Studies have shown that school effort is an indicator of academic performance. Typically, effort has been positively linked with test scores and academic performance in both direct and indirect ways. Some studies have shown that high student effort leads to greater educational values, which in turn indirectly affects students' performance. The effort has also been linked to student's grade point averages. This effort has been measured in a variety of ways ranging from time spent on homework to attentiveness in class and all have linked with school performance (Ceballo, 2004). …

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