Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Moderating Role of Self-Control in the Relationship between Peer Affiliation and Adolescents Antisocial Behavior in Tehran, Iran

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Moderating Role of Self-Control in the Relationship between Peer Affiliation and Adolescents Antisocial Behavior in Tehran, Iran

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aims to examine the moderating effect of self-control in the relationship between peer affiliation and antisocial behavior in a sample of 395 adolescents aged 13 to 18 years old in Tehran city in Iran. Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA; Armsden & Greenberg, 1987), Self-Control Scale (Grasmick et al., 1993) and modified of Antisocial Behavior scale (Dekovic, 1999) were utilized to measured peer affiliation, self-control and antisocial behavior, respectively. Results of this study indicated that peer affiliation was significantly related to antisocial behavior among adolescents. The findings of this study have important implications that address the moderating role of self-control in the relationship between peer affiliation and adolescent's antisocial behavior.

Keywords: peer affiliation, antisocial behavior, adolescent, self-control

1. Introduction

Adolescence is the stage of human development that is associated with changes in different areas. Adolescent changes not just physically, but also socially, behaviorally, cognitively, morally and in social relations with others (Rezayi, Kharazi, Hejazi & Afrooz, 2007). Santrock, (1996) believed that adolescence time is started at the age of seven years and extend up to 18-22 years old. Meanwhile, Peterson (2004) consider adolescence period between 12 and 18 years old from completion of primary school to graduation from high school. Early adolescence is the time for the most pubertal changes and differs to the late adolescence. According to Sussman (2013), important behavioral patterns affecting whole life span, is formed during adolescence period. To have a healthy society and to control high risk behavior, antisocial behavior and delinquent actions of adolescents must be taken into consideration (Rezayi et al., 2007).

Antisocial behavior is manifested and developed during early adolescence and is a stern worry to society (Wright, John, Livingstone, Shepherd & Duku, 2007). Bonino, Cattelino and Ciairano (2005), Sobotkova, Blatny, Jelinek, and Hrdlic (2012) defined antisocial behaviors as behaviors that breach norms, values, and principles accepted or recognized by the particular society. According to the National Center for Education Statistics of USA (2010) more than 60 percent of children in the United States of America were showing directly (e.g., victims) and indirectly (e.g., witnesses) violence to people around them. National Center for Education Statistics of USA (2007) reported that 75 percent of public schools faced with at least one event of violent crime during the 2007 to 2008. Iran, also reported an increasing number of cases involving antisocial behavior. Mohammadiasl (2006) revealed that 28,000 children and adolescents were sent to correction and rehabilitation centers which makes a worrying concern among Iranian society. In order to reduce adolescent's antisocial behaviors, the Iranian government has devised and employed several ways, including, establishment and administration of juvenile justice, remand homes, security and law enforcement agency, and promulgation of juvenile laws and courts (Mohammadiasl, 2006). Due to the high rate of adolescents antisocial behavior in Iran (Mohammadiasl, 2006; Ardalan, Iravani & Sobhi-Gharamaleki, 2010) and consequences of adolescents antisocial behavior in family and community, It is important to study what factors contributes to adolescents antisocial behavior.

Peer group is one of the strongest factors that linked to adolescents antisocial behaviors. Peer group provides a training ground for antisocial behavior as peers often supply the adolescent with the attitudes, motivations, and rationalizations support antisocial behavior and provide opportunities to engage in specific delinquent acts (Patterson, Dishion & Yoerger, 2000). Adolescents who were involved in antisocial behavior tend to relate with other antisocial adolescents and the new groups would go through offensive actions together (Mrug, Hoza & Bukowski, 2004; Dishion & Patterson, 2006). …

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