Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Issues in 13th General Election: A Case Study of Kedah, Malaysia

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Issues in 13th General Election: A Case Study of Kedah, Malaysia

Article excerpt


This study was conducted to identify the issues that are expected or predicted in the 13th general election. The study was conducted in the state of Kedah, Malaysia as a case study. The population is comprised of people eligible to vote in the election to 13 in the state of Kedah and the sample of 500 respondents. The study took into account six focus areas in Kedah which cover four parliamentary constituencies and divided into six in the state of Kedah. They are Jerlun constituency (DUN Kota Siputeh) and Kubang Pasu (DUN Jitra and Bukit Kayu Hitam) which represent the ruling party-BN, while for the opposition, this study chooses the Parliament of Merbok (DUN Tanjung Dawai dan Bukit Selambau) and Pendang (DUN Tokai). The findings show that the quality and standard of living are the most important issues that are expected to be manipulated by the public during the election campaign as compared to other issues. Voters are so concerned by the rising cost of living in recent years due to the rising of prices, including fuel prices, and studies show they (people) feel pressured on the rising of living cost. As such, the contesting parties must update this problem and try to give priority to the development of physical infrastructure such as physical development, economic and social in one to match that quality of people's living standards and this should be done carefully.

Keyword: issues, general election 13, Kedah

1. Introduction

Many political observers and scholars described the results of the general election (GE) 12 in the past as a 'political tsunami' in Malaysian political landscape. This is because, for the first time, the ruling government of Barisan Nasional (BN), who has ruled Malaysia more than 50 years, suffered a huge defeat at the hands of the opposition and they did not obtain the two-third majority the Parliament. Even, the four states: Penang, Kedah, Perak and Selangor, which were once the stronghold of BN were defeated by the oppositions consisting of PAS, DAP and PKR. BN government failed to recapture Kelantan from PAS. Various arguments have been put forward in analyzing the defeat of the 'big' BN. Among these are the factors of the administration of Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, the wrath of all walks of life due to the rising prices including fuel prices, rising of crime rates, also as a result of the popularity of Anwar Ibrahim's comeback that leads the opposition alliance.

While in the state of Kedah, many angers are focused on the leadership of the chief minister (MB) and the state administration. The slogan of "Kedah Maju 2010" turns into mockery and humor, not to mention the reluctance of the former MB withdrew from the reins of the state was also a major issue in the 12th general election. Furthermore, the price of fuel at the federal level also gave a maximum impact on voting patterns in Kedah (Hasnan & Yusri, 2008).

Various analyzes are presented, whether from within or outside the country, talking about the cause of negative impact on the general election ballot of BN 12th general election. Among them are government policies and actions, the question of the constitution and law, development and quality of life, and religious education, candidate selection, attitude of leaders of the BN's component parties as well as the leadership of the Prime Minister. Implications of voter dissatisfaction on the issues then had been translated in GE 2008. Even the diversity of issues that trigger people's dissatisfaction was not only posed and discussed by the GE-12, the discussions are continued until the present day. So the question is, what are the problems and issues that coupled with new issues to be translated by voters in the 13th general election. Thus, this paper will discuss, explore and discover the answers to these issues.

2. The Concept of Elections

Election is conducted by an independent body called the Election Commission (EC). EC was established on 4 September 1957, in accordance with Article 113 and 114 of the Federal Constitution. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.